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Kratom: Risks, Side Effects, Withdrawal

Kratom has been one of the recent substances touted as an all-natural alternative to pain relief drugs, but that’s only one side of the story. The DEA (Drug Enforcement Administration) has listed it as a drug of concern due to a significant increase in abuse of Kratom in recent years.

Clinically Reviewed by: Charee Marquez, LMFT

What Is Kratom?

Kratom (Mitragyna speciosa) is a plant that is found in Southeast Asia. It is used to treat various problems such as pain relief, stress reduction and as a relaxant. The leaves are chewed, or dried, and crushed into powder to make tea to fight tiredness. Kratom is sometimes sold in liquid form as a treatment to stop diarrhea and cramps. However, the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) has not approved medical uses for Kratom.

Kratom can be effective in relieving pain because it contains mitragynine and 7-hydroxy mitragynine, which act on opioid receptors in the brain. However, it is a unique plant, and is not regulated by the Controlled Substances Act, so the dosage has different effects and impacts on the body. 

For instance, when consumed at a low rate, it boosts energy as a stimulant; at a higher rate, it alleviates pain, while at a very high rate, it acts as a sedative, and can induce psychotic symptoms, similar to some opioids. Due to this reason, the potential for abuse of Kratom is high, leading to the FDA ordering seizure and destruction of any products containing Kratom.

Kratom Types and Dosages

Types of Kratom:

Kratom strains are often categorized by the color of the veins in their leaves, and each color is associated with different effects. Common strains include:

  1. Red Vein Kratom:

    • Often associated with relaxation and pain relief.
    • Examples include Red Bali, Red Thai, and Red Maeng Da.
  2. Green Vein Kratom:

    • Tends to have a more balanced effect, providing energy and mild pain relief.
    • Examples include Green Malay, Green Thai, and Green Maeng Da.
  3. White Vein Kratom:

    • Often considered more stimulating and energizing.
    • Examples include White Bali, White Thai, and White Maeng Da.
  4. Maeng Da Kratom:

    • Known for its potency and may have energizing or pain-relieving effects.

Dosages of Kratom:

Dosages of kratom can vary, and the effects are influenced by factors such as individual sensitivity, tolerance, and the specific strain of kratom. It’s crucial to start with a low dose and assess individual response. Keep in mind that the following dosages are general guidelines and may not be suitable for everyone:

  1. Low Dose (1-2 grams):

    • Mild stimulant effects.
    • Increased alertness and energy.
  2. Moderate Dose (2-4 grams):

    • Balanced effects, combining stimulation and relaxation.
    • Enhanced mood and focus.
  3. High Dose (4-6 grams):

    • More sedative and analgesic effects.
    • Increased risk of adverse effects.
  4. Very High Dose (6 grams and above):

    • Sedative effects may dominate.
    • Increased risk of side effects, including nausea and dizziness.

It’s important to note that individual responses to kratom can vary, and there is a lack of standardized dosing guidelines.

Kratom Uses

Some reported uses of kratom include:

  1. Pain Relief:

    • Kratom contains alkaloids that may have analgesic (pain-relieving) properties. It has been traditionally used by some communities for managing pain.
  2. Energy and Stimulation:

    • Certain strains of kratom, especially those with white veins, are believed to have stimulant effects, providing increased energy and alertness.
  3. Relaxation and Stress Reduction:

    • Other strains, such as those with red veins, are thought to have more relaxing and sedative effects, potentially aiding in stress reduction and relaxation.
  4. Mood Enhancement:

    • Users sometimes report enhanced mood and a sense of well-being after consuming kratom.
  5. Opioid Withdrawal Support:

    • Some individuals have used kratom as a means to self-manage opioid withdrawal symptoms. However, it’s crucial to note that using kratom for this purpose can be risky and may lead to dependence on kratom itself.
  6. Focus and Cognitive Enhancement:

    • Certain kratom strains are believed to improve focus and cognitive function.
  7. Social Interaction:

    • Some users report that kratom enhances sociability and can be used in social settings.

Kratom Onset and Duration

Onset of Effects:

  • Oral Consumption (Toss and Wash, Capsules):

    • Onset typically occurs within 15 to 30 minutes.
    • Effects may continue to develop gradually over the next 45 to 60 minutes.
  • Tea Preparation:

    • Effects may start within 15 to 45 minutes, depending on the individual and the preparation method.
  • Sublingual (Placing Kratom under the Tongue):

    • Onset can be faster, often within 5 to 15 minutes.

Duration of Effects:

  • Stimulant Effects:

    • Typically last for about 2 to 4 hours.
  • Sedative and Analgesic Effects:

    • May last for 4 to 6 hours or longer.
  • Overall Duration:

    • The overall duration of effects can vary, with some users reporting lingering mood-enhancing effects even after the primary effects have diminished.

It’s important to emphasize that these are general guidelines, and individual responses to kratom can vary. The effects may be influenced by factors such as body weight, metabolism, tolerance, and the specific strain of kratom consumed.

How Long Does Kratom Stay in Your System?

The half-life of kratom alkaloids, the active compounds in kratom, can vary depending on factors such as the specific alkaloid, individual metabolism, and dosage. Kratom contains several alkaloids, with mitragynine and 7-hydroxymitragynine being the most abundant and pharmacologically active.

While there isn’t a precise consensus on the exact half-life of kratom alkaloids due to limited research, here’s a general understanding:

  1. Mitragynine: Mitragynine is the primary alkaloid in kratom and is responsible for many of its effects. Research suggests that the half-life of mitragynine ranges from approximately 3 to 9 hours. This means that it takes around 3 to 9 hours for half of the ingested mitragynine to be eliminated from the body.

  2. 7-Hydroxymitragynine: 7-Hydroxymitragynine is a metabolite of mitragynine and is thought to contribute to kratom’s effects, although it is present in smaller quantities. The half-life of 7-hydroxymitragynine is not as well-studied, but it is believed to be shorter than that of mitragynine.

It’s important to note that individual factors such as metabolism, liver function, and kidney function can influence the elimination of kratom alkaloids from the body. Additionally, the effects of kratom can vary depending on factors such as the strain, dosage, and method of consumption.

How Long is Kratom Detectable in Your System?

The detectability of kratom in biological samples such as urine, blood, or saliva depends on several factors, including the individual’s metabolism, frequency of use, dosage, and the sensitivity of the testing method. Unlike some other substances, kratom alkaloids are not typically included in standard drug tests.

However, specialized tests designed to detect kratom alkaloids can be performed, particularly in situations where kratom use is suspected or relevant. The window of detection for kratom in these tests can vary, but generally:

  1. Urine: Kratom alkaloids may be detectable in urine for up to several days after use. The exact detection window can vary depending on factors such as the frequency and amount of kratom consumed.

  2. Blood: Kratom alkaloids are likely to be detectable in blood for a shorter period compared to urine, typically within hours to a day after ingestion.

  3. Saliva: Limited information is available on the detectability of kratom in saliva, but it is likely to be similar to blood, with a detection window of hours to a day after use.

It’s important to note that there isn’t a standardized test for kratom, and it’s not typically included in routine drug screenings. However, in situations where kratom use is suspected or relevant, specialized tests may be utilized.

How Does Kratom Work in the Brain and Body?

Kratom contains several alkaloids, with mitragynine and 7-hydroxymitragynine being the most abundant and pharmacologically active. These alkaloids interact with various receptors in the brain and body, leading to a range of effects. Here’s how kratom works in the brain and body:

  1. Interaction with Opioid Receptors: Mitragynine and 7-hydroxymitragynine primarily interact with opioid receptors in the brain, particularly the mu-opioid receptors. These receptors are involved in modulating pain perception, mood, and reward pathways. By activating mu-opioid receptors, kratom alkaloids can produce analgesic (pain-relieving) effects and feelings of euphoria and relaxation. However, unlike classical opioids such as morphine or oxycodone, kratom’s effects on opioid receptors are more complex and may involve partial agonism, antagonism, and modulation of other neurotransmitter systems.

  2. Interaction with Serotonin Receptors: Kratom alkaloids also interact with serotonin receptors in the brain, particularly the 5-HT2A and 5-HT2C receptors. These interactions may contribute to kratom’s mood-enhancing and anxiolytic (anti-anxiety) effects. Additionally, kratom’s effects on serotonin receptors may play a role in regulating appetite, sleep, and other physiological functions.

  3. Adrenergic and Dopaminergic Effects: Kratom alkaloids can also modulate adrenergic and dopaminergic neurotransmitter systems in the brain. By affecting the release and reuptake of neurotransmitters such as norepinephrine and dopamine, kratom may produce stimulating effects, improve focus and alertness, and enhance mood.

  4. Antinociceptive Effects: Kratom alkaloids have been shown to exert antinociceptive effects, meaning they can reduce sensitivity to pain stimuli. This effect is believed to be mediated through multiple mechanisms, including activation of opioid receptors, inhibition of neurotransmitter release, and modulation of pain pathways in the central nervous system.

  5. Effects on Withdrawal Symptoms: Kratom alkaloids can alleviate withdrawal symptoms associated with opioid dependence by acting on opioid receptors and modulating neurotransmitter systems involved in withdrawal processes. However, kratom itself can lead to dependence and withdrawal symptoms with chronic use, highlighting its potential for addiction and abuse.

Overall, kratom’s effects on the brain and body are complex and involve interactions with multiple neurotransmitter systems. While kratom has been used traditionally for its medicinal properties, it is also associated with risks, including dependence, addiction, and adverse effects. Further research is needed to fully understand kratom’s mechanisms of action and its potential therapeutic benefits and risks.

 

Kratom Legal Status

The legal status of kratom varies significantly across different countries, states, and regions. As of my last knowledge update in January 2022, here is a general overview of the legal status of kratom:

United States:

  • The legality of kratom varies by state. Some states have banned or regulated the sale and use of kratom, while others have not imposed restrictions. It’s essential to check the specific laws in the state where you reside.

Canada:

  • Kratom is legal for personal use in Canada. However, it is not approved for human consumption, and the sale of kratom for consumption is prohibited. The regulations surrounding kratom can vary by province.

United Kingdom:

  • In the UK, kratom is legal for personal use, and it is not controlled under the Misuse of Drugs Act. However, it is essential to stay informed about any potential changes in regulations.

Australia:

  • The legal status of kratom in Australia varies by state. In some states, it is classified as a controlled substance, while in others, it may be legal for personal use.

European Union:

  • The legal status of kratom in EU member states can vary. Some countries have banned or regulated its sale and use, while others have not imposed restrictions.

Asia:

  • In countries where kratom is indigenous, such as Thailand and Malaysia, the legal status can vary. Some regions have banned or restricted its use, while others have traditional and cultural acceptance.

It’s important to note that the legal status of kratom is subject to change.

Where is Kratom Purchased?

Here are common sources where kratom is purchased:

  1. Specialty Shops:

    • Some specialty shops, including herbal stores and smoke shops, may carry kratom products. However, the quality and reliability of products from these shops can vary.
  2. Online Vendors:

    • Many people purchase kratom online from dedicated vendors. Numerous websites offer a variety of kratom strains and products. It’s essential to research and choose reputable vendors with good reviews.
  3. Health and Wellness Stores:

    • In regions where kratom is legal, certain health and wellness stores may stock kratom products. These establishments might offer capsules, powders, or other forms of kratom.
  4. Head Shops:

    • Some head shops, which sell smoking accessories and herbal products, may carry kratom. As with specialty shops, the quality of products can vary.
  5. Ethnobotanical Shops:

    • Ethnobotanical shops, focusing on traditional and medicinal plants, may include kratom in their product offerings.

When purchasing kratom, it’s crucial to consider the following:

  • Quality Assurance: Look for vendors who provide information about the source, quality testing, and purity of their kratom products.

  • Strain Variety: Different strains of kratom can have varying effects. Reputable vendors often offer a variety of strains, such as red, green, and white veins.

  • Reviews and Reputation: Check customer reviews and the overall reputation of the vendor. Reliable vendors are transparent about their products and customer experiences.

  • Legal Status: Be aware of the legal status of kratom in your area. Regulations may vary, and kratom may be prohibited or restricted in some regions.

Risks and Side Effects of Kratom

Many people think Kratom is safe because it is natural, but research has shown that it poses a great danger to the human body and can cause death in extreme cases. This is because it contains potent ingredients, so you need to consult an expert or a doctor before taking it.

Here are some reported short-term and long-term effects associated with kratom use:

Short-Term Side Effects:

  1. Stimulant Effects:

    • Increased energy
    • Enhanced alertness
    • Improved mood
  2. Sedative Effects:

    • Relaxation
    • Calmness
    • Pain relief
  3. Opioid-Like Effects:

    • Euphoria
    • Analgesia (pain relief)
    • Cough suppression
  4. Adverse Effects:

    • Nausea
    • Vomiting
    • Sweating
    • Dizziness
    • Itching
    • Dry mouth
  5. Psychological Effects:

    • Altered perception
    • Increased sociability
    • Anxiety or irritability in some cases

Long-Term Side Effects:

  1. Tolerance:

    • Regular use of kratom can lead to the development of tolerance, requiring higher doses to achieve the same effects.
  2. Dependence:

    • Some individuals may develop physical dependence on kratom, experiencing withdrawal symptoms when they stop using it.
  3. Withdrawal Symptoms:

    • Withdrawal symptoms may include irritability, anxiety, muscle aches, runny nose, sweating, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, insomnia, and mood swings.
  4. Gastrointestinal Issues:

    • Long-term use has been associated with constipation and other gastrointestinal issues.
  5. Liver Effects:

    • There have been reports of hepatotoxicity (liver damage) associated with kratom use, although the causative factors are not well understood.
  6. Cognitive Effects:

    • Cognitive impairment or difficulty concentrating has been reported in some cases.
  7. Dependency and Addiction:

    • Some individuals may develop psychological dependence on kratom, leading to compulsive use despite negative consequences.

Is Kratom Addictive?

Yes, kratom can be addictive. While it is often marketed as a natural alternative for pain relief and managing opioid withdrawal symptoms, regular use of kratom can lead to tolerance, dependence, and addiction.

Here are some reasons why kratom can be addictive:

  1. Opioid Receptor Activation: Kratom contains alkaloids that act on opioid receptors in the brain, particularly the mu-opioid receptors. Activation of these receptors can produce effects similar to those of opioids, including pain relief, euphoria, and sedation. Regular stimulation of these receptors can lead to tolerance, where higher doses of kratom are needed to achieve the same effects, and dependence, where the body becomes reliant on kratom to function normally.

  2. Withdrawal Symptoms: When individuals who are dependent on kratom stop using it or significantly reduce their dosage, they may experience withdrawal symptoms. These symptoms can include anxiety, irritability, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle aches, insomnia, and mood swings. Kratom withdrawal can be uncomfortable and challenging to manage, leading some individuals to continue using kratom to avoid or alleviate withdrawal symptoms.

  3. Psychological Dependence: In addition to physical dependence, kratom can also lead to psychological dependence, where individuals feel a strong craving or compulsion to use kratom despite negative consequences. Psychological dependence can develop due to the pleasurable effects of kratom, as well as factors such as stress, anxiety, or underlying mental health issues.

  4. Misuse and Abuse: Some individuals may misuse kratom by taking higher doses than recommended, using it more frequently than directed, or combining it with other substances to enhance its effects. Misuse and abuse of kratom can increase the risk of addiction and adverse health effects.

What is Kratom Withdrawal?

Kratom withdrawal refers to the collection of physical and psychological symptoms that occur when individuals who are dependent on kratom abruptly stop using it or significantly reduce their dosage. Kratom withdrawal can occur in individuals who have been using kratom regularly for an extended period, typically several weeks or months.

Kratom withdrawal symptoms can vary in severity and duration, depending on factors such as the individual’s level of dependence, dosage, duration of use, and overall health. Common symptoms of kratom withdrawal include:

  1. Anxiety: Feelings of nervousness, restlessness, and apprehension are common during kratom withdrawal.

  2. Irritability: Individuals may experience increased irritability and mood swings during withdrawal.

  3. Nausea and Vomiting: Gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea are common during kratom withdrawal.

  4. Muscle Aches and Pains: Withdrawal from kratom can cause muscle aches, joint pain, and general discomfort.

  5. Insomnia: Difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep is common during kratom withdrawal.

  6. Fatigue: Feelings of fatigue, lethargy, and lack of energy are common during withdrawal.

  7. Hot Flashes and Sweating: Individuals may experience hot flashes, sweating, and chills as the body adjusts to the absence of kratom.

  8. Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS): Some individuals may experience restless legs syndrome, characterized by uncomfortable sensations in the legs and an urge to move them.

  9. Cravings: Strong cravings for kratom may occur during withdrawal, leading to a strong desire to use the substance again to alleviate symptoms.

  10. Depression and Mood Changes: Feelings of depression, sadness, and low mood are common during kratom withdrawal.

Kratom withdrawal symptoms typically begin within 6 to 12 hours after the last dose and may peak within 2 to 3 days. The duration of withdrawal symptoms can vary but generally resolves within 7 to 10 days, although some individuals may experience lingering symptoms for weeks or even months.

Kratom and Alcohol Use

Combining kratom with alcohol can be dangerous and is generally not recommended. Both substances have effects on the central nervous system, and combining them can potentiate their effects, leading to increased risks and adverse reactions. Here are some reasons why combining kratom and alcohol can be problematic:

  1. Central Nervous System Depression: Both kratom and alcohol are central nervous system depressants, meaning they can slow down brain activity and suppress vital functions such as breathing and heart rate. Combining these substances can lead to additive or synergistic effects, increasing the risk of respiratory depression, sedation, and coma.

  2. Impaired Cognitive Function: Kratom and alcohol can impair cognitive function, including memory, judgment, and coordination. Combining these substances can exacerbate these effects, leading to impaired decision-making, increased risk-taking behavior, and a higher likelihood of accidents or injuries.

  3. Gastrointestinal Effects: Both kratom and alcohol can irritate the gastrointestinal tract and may cause nausea, vomiting, and stomach discomfort. Combining these substances can increase the likelihood and severity of gastrointestinal side effects, leading to discomfort and dehydration.

  4. Liver Toxicity: Kratom and alcohol are metabolized in the liver, and combining them may put additional strain on the liver and increase the risk of liver toxicity. This is particularly concerning for individuals with pre-existing liver conditions or those who regularly consume large amounts of alcohol.

  5. Increased Risk of Addiction and Dependence: Using kratom and alcohol together may increase the risk of addiction and dependence on both substances. Individuals may develop a pattern of using one substance to counteract the effects of the other or to enhance their effects, leading to a cycle of substance abuse.

  6. Interference with Medications: Kratom and alcohol can interact with certain medications, leading to unpredictable effects or decreased effectiveness of the medications. Combining these substances may interfere with the metabolism and elimination of medications, potentially leading to adverse drug interactions.

Overall, combining kratom and alcohol can have unpredictable and potentially dangerous effects on physical and mental health. It’s important to exercise caution and avoid mixing these substances.

Kratom and Pregnancy

The use of kratom during pregnancy is not recommended, and pregnant individuals should exercise caution or avoid kratom altogether. There is limited research on the safety of kratom use during pregnancy, and the potential risks to both the pregnant person and the fetus are not well understood. Here are some reasons why kratom use during pregnancy is concerning:

  1. Potential for Fetal Harm: Kratom contains various alkaloids, including mitragynine and 7-hydroxymitragynine, which can cross the placental barrier and reach the fetus. The effects of these alkaloids on fetal development are not well studied, and there is a lack of scientific evidence to support the safety of kratom use during pregnancy. The potential risks to the developing fetus, including developmental abnormalities, low birth weight, and other adverse outcomes, are unknown.

  2. Risk of Dependence and Withdrawal: Kratom has addictive properties and can lead to dependence with regular use. Pregnant individuals who use kratom may become dependent on the substance, leading to withdrawal symptoms if they attempt to stop using it. Withdrawal symptoms during pregnancy can pose risks to both the pregnant person and the fetus, including increased stress, anxiety, and potential complications.

  3. Interactions with Medications: Kratom can interact with certain medications, including prescription medications commonly used during pregnancy. These interactions may lead to unpredictable effects or decreased effectiveness of medications, potentially compromising the health and well-being of both the pregnant person and the fetus.

  4. Potential for Adverse Effects on Maternal Health: Kratom use during pregnancy may also pose risks to maternal health, including increased stress on the liver and kidneys, gastrointestinal disturbances, and other adverse effects. These health risks can indirectly impact fetal development and pregnancy outcomes.

  5. Lack of Regulation and Quality Control: The kratom market is largely unregulated, and products may vary widely in quality, purity, and potency. Pregnant individuals who use kratom may unknowingly consume contaminated or adulterated products, increasing the risk of adverse effects.

Overall, due to the lack of scientific evidence on the safety of kratom use during pregnancy and the potential risks involved, it is recommended that pregnant individuals avoid kratom use. If you are pregnant and considering using kratom for any reason, it is essential to consult with a healthcare professional for personalized guidance and recommendations. They can provide information on safer alternatives for managing symptoms or conditions during pregnancy and ensure the health and well-being of both you and your baby.

The Interaction Between Kratom and Other Substances

Kratom contains powerful ingredients, so combining it with another substance may worsen its effect. For example, consuming it with sedatives or coffee could cause respiratory problems. Research has also shown that the interaction between Kratom and other drugs can cause severe damage, so it is advisable to meet a doctor to get the appropriate dosage.

Kratom Addiction Treatment

Treatment options for kratom addiction may involve a combination of approaches to address physical, psychological, and behavioral aspects of addiction. Here are some common treatment options:

  1. Medical Detoxification:

    • Gradual tapering or medical detox under the supervision of healthcare professionals can help manage withdrawal symptoms associated with kratom cessation.
  2. Behavioral Therapies:

    • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and contingency management are commonly used to address the psychological aspects of addiction, helping individuals identify and change patterns of behavior.
  3. Support Groups:

    • Participating in support groups, such as 12-step programs or non-12-step alternatives, provides individuals with a sense of community and shared experiences, promoting recovery.
  4. Individual Counseling:

    • One-on-one counseling with a mental health professional can address specific issues related to kratom addiction, helping individuals develop coping strategies and set goals for recovery.
  5. Inpatient Rehabilitation:

    • For severe cases of addiction, inpatient rehabilitation in a specialized facility may be necessary. This provides a structured and supportive environment for individuals to focus on recovery.
  6. Outpatient Treatment:

    • Outpatient programs offer flexibility, allowing individuals to receive treatment while maintaining daily responsibilities. These programs may include counseling, therapy, and support group participation.
  7. Holistic Approaches:

    • Incorporating holistic approaches such as mindfulness, yoga, and meditation can contribute to overall well-being and stress reduction during recovery.
  8. Education and Relapse Prevention:

    • Providing education about the risks of kratom use and strategies for relapse prevention is essential for long-term recovery.
  9. Medical Management:

    • Medications may be considered for specific symptoms or co-occurring conditions. However, there are currently no FDA-approved medications specifically for kratom addiction.
  10. Aftercare Planning:

    • Developing a comprehensive aftercare plan is crucial for ongoing support post-treatment. This may include continued therapy, support group participation, and strategies for relapse prevention.

It’s important for individuals seeking treatment to consult with healthcare professionals to determine the most appropriate and effective treatment plan based on their specific needs and circumstances.

Does Insurance Cover Kratom Addiction Treatment?

Typically, yes. However, the coverage for kratom addiction treatment by insurance can vary based on the specific insurance plan and its policies. Kratom is an herbal substance that has been associated with dependence and addiction, and individuals seeking treatment for kratom addiction may encounter differences in coverage based on their insurance provider.

Here are some key points to consider:

  1. Type of Insurance Plan:

    • Different types of insurance plans, such as private insurance, Medicaid, or Medicare, may have varying levels of coverage for kratom addiction treatment.
  2. In-Network vs. Out-of-Network Providers:

    • Insurance plans often have a network of preferred providers. In-network kratom addiction treatment facilities or providers are generally covered at a higher rate than out-of-network providers.
  3. Verification of Benefits:

    • It is crucial to contact the insurance provider and verify the specific terms of coverage for kratom addiction treatment. This includes checking details such as copayments, deductibles, and any out-of-pocket expenses.
  4. Medical Necessity and Preauthorization:

    • Insurance coverage for kratom addiction treatment may be contingent on a determination of medical necessity. Preauthorization or approval from the insurance company may be required before entering a treatment program.
  5. Level of Care:

    • Different levels of addiction treatment, such as inpatient, outpatient, or detoxification services, may have different coverage considerations. Some insurance plans may cover certain levels of care more comprehensively.
  6. Length of Treatment:

    • Insurance coverage may be influenced by the length of the kratom addiction treatment program. Some plans may have limitations on the number of days covered, while others may provide more extensive coverage for longer durations.
  7. Parity Laws:

    • Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act (MHPAEA) in the United States requires insurance plans to offer coverage for substance use disorder services, including kratom addiction treatment, at levels comparable to medical and surgical coverage.
  8. Crisis or Emergency Situations:

    • In cases of immediate need or crisis, insurance plans may cover kratom addiction treatment as part of emergency services. However, it is essential to follow up with the insurance provider for ongoing coverage considerations.
  9. Appeals Process:

    • If an insurance claim for kratom addiction treatment is denied, individuals have the right to appeal the decision. The appeals process allows for a review of the denial, and successful appeals can result in coverage being granted.
  10. Out-of-Pocket Expenses:

    • Even with insurance coverage, individuals may still have out-of-pocket expenses, such as copayments or coinsurance. Understanding these costs is essential for financial planning.

It’s advisable for individuals seeking kratom addiction treatment to work closely with their insurance provider and the treatment facility’s admissions team to understand the specific terms of coverage. Additionally, seeking assistance from the treatment facility’s insurance coordinator can provide valuable support in verifying benefits and understanding the insurance process.

Seeking Treatment? We Can Help!

At California Prime Recovery, as an in-network provider we work with most insurance plans, such as:

If you or a loved one are struggling with mental health challenges or substance abuse, reach out to California Prime Recovery today. Our team of compassionate professionals is here to support your journey towards lasting well-being. Give us a call at 866-208-2390

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