Personality Disorders

More than 10% of the world’s population suffers from some form of personality disorder. Thus, knowing more about personality disorders is immensely helpful.

What are Personality Disorders?

A Personality disorder is a mental condition that is characterized by rigid or inflexible behavior or attitude.

It affects a person’s thinking pattern and perspectives. Usually, their patterns of thinking are different from the norms of society.

What is a Person With a Personality Disorder Like?

People with personality disorders find it harder to connect with society and people. They have a different view of the world and its expectations.

These differences make it harder for them to cultivate and maintain friendships. People who suffer from personality disorders might not know or think they are different from others.

Most personality disorders start from a very young age.

What are the Types of Personality Disorders?

Personality disorders can be categorized into three clusters. They are

Cluster A

This cluster is made up of personality disorders that are suspicious or paranoid. They include

Schizoid Personality Disorder

People with schizoid personality disorder find it difficult to have social connections. They also struggle with communication and are usually distant.

They might also struggle in forming close relationships with others.

Paranoid Personality Disorder

As the name implies, people with this disorder struggle with distrust. They are very suspicious of people’s actions and motives.

Schizotypal Personality Disorder

People with this disorder believe that their thoughts can influence the actions of others. They also try to predict or read people. This usually ends badly. They also find it hard to form meaningful relationships.

Cluster B

Personality disorders under this cluster are emotionally unstable, dramatic, and impulsive.

Borderline Personality Disorder

People with borderline personality disorder struggle with feelings of abandonment. They are easily stressed by difficult situations and can be reckless.

Their feelings of abandonment remain even with a lot of support. They may also have bad vices such as gambling.

Histrionic Personality Disorder

People with histrionic personality disorder try to hug the limelight by being overly dramatic. They seek the approval of others and may be swayed easily by the opinion of others.

Antisocial Personality Disorder

People with antisocial personality disorder are usually manipulative and lack empathy for others. They might also be heavy drinkers and abuse drugs.

People with antisocial personality disorder hardly feel guilty for their actions

Narcissistic Personality Disorder

People with this disorder usually feel superior or better than others. They are extremely proud of their achievements and may brag about them.

However, they have little or no empathy for others.

Cluster C

Dependent Personality Disorder

People who suffer from this disorder are more dependent on others to fulfill their emotional and physical needs. Thus, they usually have problems with indecision.

This disorder makes them tolerant of emotional and physical abuse.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

People who suffer from OCD want to be perfect. Thus, creating order is important for them. They use repeated quests to achieve this.

To ensure perfection is met, they can neglect their health and relationships. They also hate breaking rules.

Avoidant Personality Disorder

People with this disorder struggle with feelings of inadequacy and worthlessness. Because of their feelings, interacting with others might be difficult.

They might also have an inferiority complex and low self-esteem.

What is the Difference Between Personality Traits and Personality Disorders?

Personality traits are patterns of thinking that are consistently part of you. For example, extroversion. However, these personality traits do not negatively impact your life.

It also does not deviate from the normal norms of society. Personality disorders are extreme traits that are different from normal behavior.

What Causes Personality Disorders?

The precise cause of personality disorders is unknown. However, factors like the environment and genetics can play a role.

What are the Symptoms of Personality Disorders?

The symptoms depend on the particular personality disorder. Understanding how someone with a particular personality disorder behaves can help you pinpoint potential symptoms.

Who is More Likely to Have a Personality Disorder?

How are Personality Disorders Diagnosed?

All diagnoses strictly follow the process outlined in DSM-5. Your doctor might request you fill out a questionnaire.

They might also conduct examinations to rule out any physical conditions. The behavior and attitude must affect many aspects of the patient’s life.

Issues such as emotional stability and impulse responses will also be considered by the doctor.

Are Personality Disorders Curable?

Personality disorders get better with time and the right treatment. However, it can take months or years before it is completely cured.

Even then, relapses can occur. Adhering to treatment is crucial.

What are the Likely Treatments for Personality Disorders?


Medications treat most of the symptoms that come with personality disorders. However, there is no particular medication made for personality disorders.

Some medications used include

Most treatment plans will include the following medical personnel


Talk therapy or psychotherapy is usually the preferred treatment strategy. You get to talk to a therapist about how your feelings, emotions, and mood.

The expert will help you to manage your mood, stress, and disorders better. Psychotherapies can take place individually or in groups.

Some people might prefer to have their family and friends around during therapy.

Home and Lifestyle Remedies

When Should You See a Doctor?

If you sense any symptoms of a personality disorder, reach out to your doctor immediately. The earlier treatment starts, the better.

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Alyssa Mueller


Alyssa Mueller is an Associate Clinical Social Worker. She holds a Master of Social Work with a concentration in Community Mental Health from California State University of Fullerton as well as a Bachelors of Arts in Communication Studies with an emphasis on intercultural and interpersonal communication from California State University of Long Beach. Compassion, empowerment and unconditional positive regard are the foundations of her clinical practice, Alyssa has a passion for helping others and her priority is to hold space for clients to feel heard, to feel safe and to find fulfillment and self-love on their recovery journey. Alyssa specializes in addiction treatment, self-esteem building, mindfulness practices, grief and loss, trauma informed care, and self-compassion as well as individual and family therapy. She has extensive experience working with high risk populations in various clinical settings such as partial hospitalization, intensive outpatient care, outpatient treatment, schools, and community outreach. Alyssa uses a client centered and holistic approach to address the client as a whole person in order to help them to feel empowered and facilitate their confidence and independence.

Charee Marquez

LMFT - Clinical Director

Charee has worked in the recovery field for 10 years.Charee is dedicated to supporting and inspiring clients to live a healthy lifestyle filled with meaning and purpose.Charee has extensive clinical experience within the recovery field in both inpatient and outpatient settings.She specializes in working with individuals and families affected by the disease of addiction however she has also clinical experience in assisting individuals,couples and families in working through a variety of concerns,including: depression,anxiety,relationship & communication issues,substance abuse,grief & loss,trauma, life transitions, and many others.Charee works with each client to specialize their treatment plan with what works best for the client in a compassionate and effective way. She emphasizes the strength of every individual client and fosters an environment of personal growth and internal healing from a mind, body and spiritual approach.Charee received her Bachelor of Arts from Seton Hall University, Majoring in Psychology and Minoring in Women and Gender Studies, in addition to her Masters in Marriage and Family Therapy from the University of Southern California.

Stephen Carmel

Founder & CEO

I began my journey to recovery back in 2011 when I moved to California from New York.Along wiht my recovery and beginning a new way of life,I began to develop a heart for others struffling with sobriety.My journey to California was filled with many trials and lessons learned, but most of all, personal growht.I truly believe i would not have found success if I didn’t come to California.I started CPR as a way to work with people in recovery on a daily basis and it evolved into something much more beautiful. I have also come to realize that my own personal happiness and recovery depends on being involved in the lives of people in recovery. Helping others recover is a cornerstone of many 12 step programs, as it is here. Giving back to those still suffering, is the only way not to lose what you have gained. It is the paradox that we live by every day.