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What Is Methamphetamine?

Methamphetamine is an extremely addictive stimulant drug that is estimated to affect at least 1 million lives in the U.S. It can be consumed in several different ways such as snorting, swallowing, injecting and smoking the substance, which makes it more accessible to substance users and abusers. The effects of the drug can vary depending on the method of consumption. Common street names include meth, speed, crystal meth, ice, and glass, as it resembles shards of glass crystals. Methamphetamine addiction, also known as methamphetamine use disorder, is a serious and chronic condition characterized by the compulsive use of methamphetamine, a powerful and highly addictive stimulant. Methamphetamine is a synthetic drug that affects the central nervous system, leading to increased energy, alertness, and a sense of euphoria.

The main types of meth include:

  1. Crystal Meth:

    • Also known as “crystal,” “ice,” or “crystal methamphetamine,” this is a crystalline form of meth that is typically clear or bluish-white. Crystal meth is often smoked in glass pipes, snorted, or injected. It is known for its high potency and long-lasting effects.
  2. Powdered Meth:

    • This form of meth is a white, crystalline powder. It is less pure than crystal meth and may be cut or adulterated with other substances. Powdered meth can be snorted, swallowed, or dissolved for injection.
  3. Crystalized Meth:

    • Sometimes, meth may form crystals even in its powdered or tablet form. These crystals may not be as large or distinct as crystal meth, but they still indicate the crystalline structure of the drug.
  4. Tablets or Pills:

    • Methamphetamine may be pressed into tablet or pill form. These tablets are less common than other forms of meth and may be swallowed.

It’s important to note that methamphetamine is a highly illegal and controlled substance due to its high potential for abuse and severe health consequences. The use of meth is associated with various risks, including addiction, cardiovascular issues, dental problems (often referred to as “meth mouth”), and psychological effects.

Street Names

Methamphetamine, a powerful and highly addictive stimulant, is known by various street names. Here are some common street names for meth:

  1. Meth: The shortened form of the drug’s name is often used informally.
  2. Crystal Meth: Refers to the crystalline form of methamphetamine, which is a purer and more potent version.
  3. Ice: Another term for crystal meth, reflecting its crystalline appearance.
  4. Glass: Similar to “ice,” it describes the transparent, glass-like appearance of crystal meth.
  5. Crank: An older slang term for methamphetamine.
  6. Speed: A generic term for amphetamine-based drugs, including methamphetamine.
  7. Tina: A common nickname for crystal meth.
  8. Chalk: Refers to the appearance of some methamphetamine crystals, which may resemble chalk.
  9. Go-Fast: Describes the stimulant effects of methamphetamine, suggesting increased energy and alertness.
  10. Blue Ice: Refers to methamphetamine with a bluish tint.
  11. Cristy: An alternative spelling of “crystal,” used as a nickname.
  12. Rocket Fuel: Highlights the drug’s ability to increase energy and alertness.
  13. Hiropon: A Japanese term for methamphetamine, particularly high-purity crystal meth.
  14. Yaba: Used in Southeast Asia, especially for methamphetamine tablets that may contain caffeine.
  15. Shards: Describes small fragments or pieces of crystal meth.
  16. Tweak: Refers to the jittery or hyperactive behavior sometimes associated with methamphetamine use.
  17. White Cross: Originally referred to pharmaceutical amphetamine tablets but has been used for methamphetamine.
  18. Bathtub Speed: Suggests that the drug is illicitly manufactured, sometimes in makeshift settings.


Methamphetamine, commonly known as meth, is a powerful and highly addictive central nervous system stimulant. While it was initially developed for medical uses, its illicit form is associated with serious health risks and legal consequences. Here are the primary uses of methamphetamine:

  1. Medical Uses:

    • Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): In the past, methamphetamine was prescribed for the treatment of ADHD and obesity. However, due to its high potential for abuse and addiction, its medical use is now extremely limited.

    • Narcolepsy: Methamphetamine has been used in the treatment of narcolepsy, a sleep disorder characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness and sudden episodes of sleep.

  2. Illicit Use:

    • Recreational Drug: Methamphetamine is commonly abused as a recreational drug for its stimulant effects. Users may experience increased energy, alertness, and a sense of euphoria.

    • Weight Loss: Due to its appetite-suppressant properties, some individuals misuse methamphetamine for its potential to aid in weight loss. However, this is highly dangerous and not recommended due to the associated health risks.

    • Enhancement of Cognitive Function: Some individuals misuse methamphetamine in an attempt to enhance cognitive function, focus, and productivity. However, the risks of addiction and adverse effects far outweigh any perceived cognitive benefits.


Methamphetamine, commonly known as meth, is a powerful central nervous system stimulant. When used illicitly, it is typically administered through the following routes:

  1. Smoking:

    • Method: Methamphetamine is often smoked in its crystalline form, known as crystal meth. Users heat the crystals, and the vapor is inhaled. Smoking meth provides a rapid onset of effects, with an intense and immediate high.
  2. Snorting:

    • Method: Methamphetamine powder can be finely crushed and then snorted through the nose. The drug is absorbed through the nasal mucosa, leading to a somewhat slower onset of effects compared to smoking.
  3. Injecting:

    • Method: Some individuals dissolve methamphetamine in water and inject it intravenously. Injecting meth provides the quickest onset of effects, as the substance directly enters the bloodstream. However, this method poses significant health risks, including the potential for infections, vein damage, and transmission of bloodborne diseases.
  4. Oral Ingestion:

    • Method: Methamphetamine can be ingested orally, typically in the form of pills or capsules. This method results in a slower onset of effects compared to smoking or injecting, as the drug must first be absorbed through the digestive system.

How Does Methamphetamine work?

Methamphetamine is a stimulant that makes an individual feel more alert, active and energetic, by releasing large amounts of neurotransmitters such as dopamine and norepinephrine. When used under a physician’s care, methamphetamine may be prescribed for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and some forms of sleep disorders. But when abused, it can create psychoactive effects in an individual by making them feel invincible, accompanied by powerful euphoric effects. Long term use of methamphetamine creates a host of physical and mental health issues, including significant neurological issues and disorders.

How Long Does Methamphetamine Stay in Your System?

Understanding the dynamics of methamphetamine (meth) in the body involves considering various factors that influence its effects and detection. Here’s a detailed exploration:

    1. Rapid Onset of Euphoria:

      • When smoked or injected, methamphetamine swiftly reaches the brain, inducing a euphoric state.
      • The duration of this euphoria can extend from 8 to 24 hours, contributing to the drug’s addictive potential.
    2. Different Routes of Administration:

      • Oral ingestion or nasal snorting of meth can result in a prolonged high, lasting up to 12 hours.
      • The method of consumption significantly impacts the intensity and duration of the drug’s effects.
    3. Half-Life Dynamics:

      • Methamphetamine has a variable half-life, ranging from 9 to 24 hours.
      • The half-life denotes the time it takes for the drug’s concentration in the blood to decrease by half.

Crystal Meth Detection: Urine vs. Hair

Drug screenings often rely on urine or hair samples to detect methamphetamine. Here’s how detection times vary between the two methods:


  • Meth Detection in Urine:

    • Urine tests are commonly used for drug screening and can detect methamphetamine for a moderate duration.
    • Meth can be detected in urine for approximately 3 to 5 days after use, although this window may vary based on factors such as frequency of use and individual metabolism.

Hair and Blood:

  • Meth Detection in Hair:

    • Methamphetamine can be detected in hair follicles for an extended period, typically up to 90 days.
    • Hair testing is advantageous for detecting chronic drug use, providing a historical perspective on substance abuse.

Meth Detection in Blood:

  • Methamphetamine’s presence in blood is relatively short-lived compared to other substances.
  • Blood tests can typically detect meth for 1 to 3 days after use, making it a more immediate indicator of recent drug exposure.
  1. Factors Influencing Detection Timelines:

    • Individual Metabolism: Variations in metabolism affect how quickly the body processes and eliminates meth.
    • Frequency of Use: Regular or chronic use may prolong detection windows compared to occasional use.
    • Hydration Levels: Adequate hydration can expedite the elimination of meth from the body, potentially shortening detection times.
  2. Testing Methods and Sensitivity:

    • Different testing methods and their sensitivity levels impact the accuracy and duration of meth detection.
    • Highly sensitive tests may detect lower concentrations of meth, extending the detection window.

Understanding the timelines for meth detection in hair, blood, and urine provides valuable insights for individuals, healthcare professionals, and those involved in drug testing. It underscores the importance of considering multiple factors that influence the reliability of each testing method.

How To Get Meth Out Of Your System?

It’s crucial to note that attempting to “flush” or “detox” your system from methamphetamine (meth) or any other substance should be approached with caution. The most reliable method to clear your system of meth is to allow your body to naturally metabolize and eliminate the drug over time. Here are some general recommendations:

  1. Hydration:

    • Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated. Adequate hydration supports the body’s natural detoxification processes, including elimination through urine.
  2. Healthy Diet:

    • Consume a balanced and nutritious diet rich in vitamins and minerals. This supports overall health and can contribute to the body’s natural detox mechanisms.
  3. Exercise:

    • Engage in regular physical activity. Exercise can help increase metabolism and promote the elimination of substances through sweat and urine.
  4. Time:

    • Allow time for your body to naturally process and eliminate meth. The duration will vary based on factors such as frequency of use, individual metabolism, and the amount used.
  5. Abstain from Use:

    • The most effective way to clear meth from your system is to abstain from using the drug. Continued use will prolong the detection window.
  6. Professional Guidance:

    • If you have concerns about meth use or its impact on your health, seek professional help. Healthcare providers, counselors, or addiction specialists can offer support and guidance.

It’s important to note that quick fixes, detox drinks, or products claiming to rapidly eliminate meth from your system are often unreliable and may have adverse health effects. Additionally, attempting to cheat drug tests is not recommended, as it may lead to legal consequences and compromise your well-being.

Side Effects of Meth Use:


Short-Term Side Effects of Meth Use:

  • Euphoria
  • Increased energy and alertness
  • Decreased appetite
  • Elevated heart rate and blood pressure
  • Increased body temperature
  • Dilated pupils
  • Insomnia
  • Nervousness and irritability
  • Agitation and aggressive behavior
  • Tremors and twitching

Long-Term Side Effects of Meth Use:

  • Addiction and dependence
  • Severe dental problems (“meth mouth”)
  • Weight loss and malnutrition
  • Psychotic symptoms (paranoia, hallucinations)
  • Cognitive deficits and memory loss
  • Impaired motor skills
  • Skin sores and infections
  • Cardiovascular issues
  • Respiratory problems
  • Increased risk of stroke and heart attack
  • Mental health issues (anxiety, depression)
  • Poor impulse control
  • Increased risk of engaging in risky behaviors

Seeking Help for Meth Addiction? We Can Help!

Types of Treatment Available (Most Covered by Insurance):

  1. Inpatient Rehabilitation:

    • Inpatient rehabilitation, also known as residential treatment, involves individuals residing within a treatment facility for a specified duration. This structured environment provides intensive care and support.
  2. Outpatient Programs:

    • Outpatient programs offer flexibility, allowing individuals to receive treatment while continuing their daily lives. They attend therapy sessions, counseling, and other interventions on a scheduled basis.
  3. Detoxification (Detox):

    • Detox is the initial phase of treatment, focusing on safely and systematically removing substances from the body. It is often conducted under medical supervision to manage withdrawal symptoms.
  4. Therapy and Counseling:

    • Various therapeutic modalities, including individual counseling, group therapy, and family therapy, are crucial components of addiction and mental health treatment. These sessions help individuals explore and address underlying issues.
  5. Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT):

    • MAT involves the use of medications, in conjunction with counseling and behavioral therapies, to address substance use disorders. It is particularly effective for opioid and alcohol addictions.
  6. Dual Diagnosis Treatment:

    • Dual Diagnosis Treatment addresses co-occurring mental health disorders alongside substance use disorders. It involves integrated interventions to holistically address both aspects of an individual’s well-being.
  7. Holistic Therapies:

    • Holistic approaches incorporate alternative therapies such as yoga, meditation, art therapy, and mindfulness. These practices aim to promote overall well-being and support recovery.
  8. Support Groups:

    • Support groups, like those following the 12-step model (e.g., Alcoholics Anonymous, Narcotics Anonymous), provide a community for individuals to share experiences, seek guidance, and foster mutual support.
  9. Sober Living Homes:

    • Sober living homes offer a transitional and supportive environment for individuals in recovery. They provide a structured living arrangement to reinforce sobriety.
  10. Mental Health Treatment:

    • Mental health treatment specifically addresses psychiatric conditions. It may involve therapy, medication management, and other interventions to enhance emotional well-being.
  11. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT):

    • CBT is a goal-oriented therapeutic approach that focuses on identifying and changing negative thought patterns and behaviors. It is effective for both addiction and mental health concerns.
  12. Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT):

    • DBT combines cognitive-behavioral techniques with concepts of acceptance and mindfulness. It is particularly beneficial for individuals with emotional dysregulation.
  13. Motivational Interviewing (MI):

    • MI is a client-centered counseling style aimed at eliciting behavior change by helping individuals explore and resolve ambivalence. It is effective in the early stages of recovery.
  14. Residential Treatment Centers:

    • Residential facilities provide immersive and structured treatment experiences for individuals requiring a more extended and intensive intervention.
  15. Community-Based Programs:

    • Programs within the community offer accessible and community-centered support for individuals with mental health concerns.
  16. Inpatient Mental Health Treatment:

    • Inpatient mental health treatment involves individuals residing within a treatment facility designed to provide a controlled and supportive environment for managing mental health conditions.

Understanding the diverse range of treatment options allows individuals to access the most suitable and effective interventions tailored to their unique needs. Seeking professional guidance is crucial to developing a personalized treatment plan.

Ready to Begin Your Journey to Recovery?

If you or a loved one is struggling with methamphetamine addiction, California Prime Recovery is here to help you take the first steps toward a brighter future. Contact us today for immediate assistance: 866-208-2390

Let us guide you towards lasting recovery and provide the support you need to regain control of your life. Don’t wait; reach out now to start your transformative journey with California Prime Recovery.

Also, check out our blogs posted weekly on Medium.

Frequently Asked Questions

Methamphetamine is typically detected in urine and hair samples, not blood.

The duration varies but can be prolonged, especially for heavy and long-term users.

Yes, meth addiction is treatable with comprehensive programs and professional support.

Yes, medication-assisted treatment (MAT) can be part of a treatment plan.

Dual diagnosis treatment addresses both substance addiction and co-occurring mental health disorders simultaneously.

At California Prime Recovery, an addiction treatment center in Fountain Valley, CA, we understand the importance of providing valuable and accurate information to our readers. In this blog post, we will explore the key differences between amphetamine and methamphetamine, shedding light on their properties, uses, and potential risks. Whether you or someone you know is struggling with substance abuse, it is crucial to have a clear understanding of these substances to seek appropriate help and treatment. So, let’s delve into the topic and gain insights into the dissimilarities between these two commonly misunderstood drugs.

Amphetamine and methamphetamine are both stimulant drugs that affect the central nervous system. They are commonly known as “uppers” and have similar effects, leading to confusion among some people. However, despite their similarities, they have distinct properties and uses, which are important to understand to make informed decisions regarding their usage and potential risks.

What are Amphetamines?

Amphetamines are a class of psychoactive drugs that stimulate the central nervous system. They are known for their stimulant effects, including increased alertness, energy, and a sense of euphoria. Amphetamines have medical uses, such as treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy, but they are also associated with a high potential for abuse.

Properties of Amphetamines

Amphetamines belong to a class of drugs known as phenethylamines. They are synthetic compounds that stimulate the release of certain neurotransmitters in the brain, such as dopamine and norepinephrine. This stimulation leads to increased alertness, elevated mood, and a sense of euphoria.

Amphetamine Types and Dosages

Here are some common types of amphetamines and their dosages for medical use:

  1. Adderall:

    • Adderall is a prescription medication that contains a combination of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine salts. It is commonly prescribed for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
    • Dosages for Adderall may vary, but typical doses for adults can range from 5 mg to 30 mg per day, divided into two or three doses.
  2. Dexedrine:

    • Dexedrine is a brand name for dextroamphetamine, and it is also used to treat ADHD.
    • Dosages for Dexedrine may range from 5 mg to 40 mg per day, divided into multiple doses.
  3. Vyvanse:

    • Vyvanse is another medication used to treat ADHD. It contains lisdexamfetamine, a prodrug that is converted into dextroamphetamine in the body.
    • Dosages for Vyvanse typically start at 30 mg once daily and can be adjusted based on individual response, with a maximum recommended dose of 70 mg per day.
  4. Desoxyn:

    • Desoxyn is a brand name for methamphetamine hydrochloride, and it is prescribed in some cases for the treatment of ADHD and obesity.
    • Dosages for Desoxyn are typically lower than those for other amphetamine medications, and they may start at 5 mg and can be adjusted based on individual response.

It’s important to emphasize that the use of amphetamines should only occur under the supervision and guidance of a qualified healthcare professional. Dosages are tailored to each individual’s needs, taking into account factors such as age, weight, response to the medication, and the specific medical condition being treated.

Amphetamine Common Uses

Here are the primary medical uses of amphetamines:

  1. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD):

    • Amphetamines, such as Adderall (a combination of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine) and Dexedrine (dextroamphetamine), are commonly prescribed to manage symptoms of ADHD. They help improve attention, focus, and impulse control.
  2. Narcolepsy:

    • Amphetamines may be prescribed to treat narcolepsy, a sleep disorder characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness and sudden episodes of sleep.
  3. Obesity (Limited Use):

    • In some cases, amphetamines have been prescribed for short-term use as appetite suppressants to aid in weight loss. However, the use of amphetamines for weight loss is now less common due to concerns about their potential for misuse and dependence.

Amphetamine Side Effects

Here are short-term and long-term side effects associated with amphetamine use:

Short-Term Side Effects:

  1. Increased Alertness and Energy:

    • Amphetamines stimulate the central nervous system, leading to heightened alertness, increased energy, and improved focus.
  2. Elevated Heart Rate and Blood Pressure:

    • Amphetamines can cause a temporary increase in heart rate and blood pressure.
  3. Decreased Appetite:

    • Many individuals experience a reduction in appetite while taking amphetamines, which can lead to weight loss.
  4. Insomnia:

    • Difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep is a common short-term side effect of amphetamines.
  5. Jitters and Restlessness:

    • Some individuals may experience feelings of restlessness, nervousness, or jitteriness.
  6. Dry Mouth:

    • Amphetamines can reduce saliva production, leading to dry mouth.
  7. Dilated Pupils:

    • Pupils may become dilated (enlarged) as a result of amphetamine use.
  8. Increased Physical Activity:

    • Users may exhibit increased physical activity and a sense of hyperactivity.
  9. Mood Changes:

    • Amphetamines can influence mood, leading to feelings of euphoria or irritability.
  10. Nausea and Abdominal Discomfort:

    • Some individuals may experience nausea or abdominal discomfort.

Long-Term Side Effects:

  1. Addiction and Dependence:

    • Chronic use of amphetamines, especially in higher doses or without medical supervision, can lead to the development of addiction and physical dependence.
  2. Cardiovascular Issues:

    • Long-term use may contribute to cardiovascular problems, including an increased risk of heart attack, stroke, and hypertension.
  3. Psychiatric Symptoms:

    • Prolonged use of amphetamines can lead to psychiatric symptoms such as anxiety, paranoia, hallucinations, and even psychosis in some cases.
  4. Cognitive Impairment:

    • Long-term use may result in cognitive deficits, including memory loss and difficulties with concentration and decision-making.
  5. Weight Loss and Malnutrition:

    • Persistent appetite suppression and neglect of nutritional needs can lead to significant weight loss and malnutrition.
  6. Sleep Disorders:

    • Chronic insomnia and disturbances in sleep patterns can occur with long-term amphetamine use.
  7. Dental Issues:

    • Severe dental problems, including tooth decay, gum disease, and tooth loss, may result from long-term amphetamine use.
  8. Skin Problems:

    • Chronic use can contribute to skin issues, including acne and skin sores.
  9. Tolerance:

    • Over time, individuals may develop tolerance to the effects of amphetamines, requiring higher doses to achieve the desired effects.
  10. Withdrawal Symptoms:

    • Discontinuing amphetamine use after prolonged use can lead to withdrawal symptoms such as fatigue, depression, increased appetite, and sleep disturbances.

Controlled Substance Classification and Storage Tips

Amphetamines, including prescription medications containing amphetamine or its derivatives, are classified as controlled substances due to their potential for abuse and the associated risks. In the United States, the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) assigns controlled substance schedules based on factors such as their accepted medical uses, potential for abuse, and likelihood of dependence. Amphetamines fall under Schedule II, which indicates a high potential for abuse but recognized medical utility.

As for the storage of amphetamines, it is crucial to handle these medications responsibly to prevent misuse, accidental ingestion, or theft. Here are some general guidelines for the storage of controlled substances like amphetamines:

  1. Secure Storage:

    • Keep amphetamine medications in a secure location, especially if you have children, teenagers, or individuals with a history of substance abuse in the household.
  2. Locked Cabinet or Box:

    • Consider storing amphetamines in a locked cabinet or box to restrict access. This is particularly important for medications with a higher potential for abuse.
  3. Room Temperature:

    • Store medications at room temperature, away from extreme heat or cold. Avoid exposure to direct sunlight.
  4. Original Packaging:

    • Keep medications in their original packaging with the prescription label intact. This provides essential information about the medication and its proper use.
  5. Away from Moisture:

    • Avoid storing medications in bathrooms or other areas with high humidity, as moisture can affect their stability.
  6. Monitor Quantities:

    • Keep track of the quantity of medication on hand and ensure that it aligns with the prescribed amount. Report any missing or lost medication to your healthcare provider.
  7. Dispose of Unused Medication Properly:

    • Safely dispose of any unused or expired medication by following proper disposal guidelines. Many communities have drug take-back programs or guidelines for safe disposal at home.
  8. Travel Precautions:

    • If you need to travel with amphetamines, carry them in their original packaging, and be aware of any travel restrictions or regulations regarding controlled substances.

Always follow the specific storage instructions provided by your healthcare provider or pharmacist.

What is Methamphetamine?

Methamphetamine is a powerful and highly addictive central nervous system stimulant. It belongs to the amphetamine class of drugs and is chemically similar to amphetamine, a drug used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. However, methamphetamine has a much stronger stimulant effect on the central nervous system.

Properties of Methamphetamine

Methamphetamine, commonly referred to as “meth,” is a more potent form of amphetamine. It is a crystalline powder that can be snorted, smoked, injected, or ingested orally. Methamphetamine increases the release of dopamine in the brain to a greater extent than amphetamine, resulting in more intense and longer-lasting effects.

Types of Methamphetamine

Methamphetamine primarily exists in its illicit form, commonly known as crystal meth or simply meth. Unlike prescription amphetamines used for medical purposes (e.g., for treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or narcolepsy), methamphetamine is not prescribed for medical use due to its high potential for abuse and serious health risks. Illicitly produced methamphetamine is sold in various forms, including crystals, powder, or as a pill.

It is essential to note that the use of methamphetamine for non-medical purposes is illegal and poses significant health risks. The following information is not intended to promote or endorse the use of methamphetamine but rather to provide information about its various forms:

  1. Crystal Meth:

    • Crystal meth is a crystalline form of methamphetamine. It appears as clear or bluish crystals, resembling fragments of glass or shiny rocks.
    • Users may smoke, snort, inject, or swallow crystal meth. Smoking is a common method, and the drug is often heated on a glass pipe for inhalation.
  2. Powdered Meth:

    • Methamphetamine is sometimes encountered in powdered form. The powder may be white, off-white, or light brown in color.
    • Methods of use can include snorting, injecting, or dissolving the powder in water for oral ingestion.
  3. Meth Pills:

    • In some cases, methamphetamine may be pressed into pill form. These pills can vary in appearance, color, and markings, making them less common than other forms.

Methamphetamine Common Uses

Methamphetamine is not approved for medical use in its illicit, street form due to its high potential for abuse and serious health risks. However, there is a legal, prescription form of methamphetamine called Desoxyn, which is used in limited medical situations. Desoxyn is a brand-name medication that contains methamphetamine hydrochloride and is classified as a Schedule II controlled substance.

The medical uses of Desoxyn (prescription methamphetamine) are limited, and it is typically prescribed for the following conditions:

  1. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD):
    • Desoxyn may be prescribed when other treatments for ADHD have not been effective. It is usually considered when non-stimulant medications or other stimulant medications have not produced the desired response.

It’s important to note that Desoxyn is rarely prescribed due to concerns about its potential for abuse and dependence.

Methamphetamine Sides Effects

Here are short-term and long-term side effects associated with methamphetamine use:

Short-Term Side Effects:

  1. Elevated Heart Rate and Blood Pressure:

    • Methamphetamine is a powerful stimulant that can lead to a rapid increase in heart rate and blood pressure.
  2. Increased Alertness and Energy:

    • Users may experience heightened alertness, increased energy, and a sense of euphoria.
  3. Decreased Appetite:

    • Methamphetamine use often leads to a reduction in appetite, which can result in rapid weight loss.
  4. Dilated Pupils:

    • Pupils may become dilated (enlarged) as a result of methamphetamine use.
  5. Insomnia:

    • Difficulty sleeping or complete insomnia is a common short-term effect.
  6. Hyperactivity:

    • Users may exhibit hyperactive and impulsive behavior.
  7. Increased Body Temperature:

    • Methamphetamine can cause an elevation in body temperature, leading to hyperthermia.
  8. Jaw Clenching and Teeth Grinding:

    • Users may experience involuntary jaw clenching and teeth grinding.
  9. Nausea and Vomiting:

    • Some individuals may experience nausea and vomiting.
  10. Anxiety and Paranoia:

    • Short-term use can lead to heightened anxiety, paranoia, and irritability.
  11. Hallucinations and Delusions:

    • In some cases, users may experience auditory or visual hallucinations and delusional thinking.

Long-Term Side Effects:

  1. Addiction and Dependence:

    • Chronic use of methamphetamine is associated with a high risk of addiction and physical dependence.
  2. Cognitive Impairment:

    • Long-term use can result in cognitive deficits, including memory loss and difficulty with concentration and decision-making.
  3. Psychiatric Symptoms:

    • Users may experience persistent anxiety, depression, paranoia, and violent behavior.
  4. Cardiovascular Issues:

    • Chronic use can lead to cardiovascular problems, including an increased risk of heart attack, stroke, and hypertension.
  5. Dental Problems:

    • Methamphetamine use is associated with severe dental issues, often referred to as “meth mouth,” which includes tooth decay, gum disease, and tooth loss.
  6. Skin Problems:

    • Users may develop skin sores, acne, and a rapid aging of the skin.
  7. Weight Loss and Malnutrition:

    • Persistent appetite suppression and neglect of nutritional needs can lead to significant weight loss and malnutrition.
  8. Compromised Immune System:

    • Long-term methamphetamine use can weaken the immune system, making individuals more susceptible to infections.
  9. Sleep Disorders:

    • Chronic insomnia and disturbances in sleep patterns can result from long-term methamphetamine use.
  10. Increased Risk of Mental Health Disorders:

    • Long-term use is associated with an increased risk of mental health disorders, including psychosis, mood disorders, and cognitive impairments.

Chemical Structure Comparison

Amphetamine and methamphetamine have a similar chemical structure, with slight differences in the molecular arrangement. These differences account for the contrasting effects and potency of the two substances.

Amphetamine Vs. Methamphetamine

Amphetamine and methamphetamine are both stimulant drugs that affect the central nervous system, but they have key differences in their chemical structures, pharmacology, and medical uses. Here are the main distinctions between amphetamine and methamphetamine:

Chemical Structure:

  1. Amphetamine:

    • Amphetamine is a generic term that refers to a class of compounds with a basic chemical structure containing a phenethylamine core. It includes both amphetamine itself and its various derivatives.
    • The chemical formula for amphetamine is C9H13N.
  2. Methamphetamine:

    • Methamphetamine is a specific derivative of amphetamine with a methyl group (CH3) attached to the amine nitrogen. This addition enhances its potency and alters its pharmacological effects.
    • The chemical formula for methamphetamine is C10H15N.


  1. Amphetamine:

    • Amphetamines, including amphetamine itself and its derivatives, work by increasing the release of neurotransmitters such as dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin in the brain.
    • Amphetamines are used for medical purposes, such as treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy.
  2. Methamphetamine:

    • Methamphetamine has a more potent effect on the central nervous system compared to amphetamine. It not only increases the release of neurotransmitters but also inhibits their reuptake and has additional effects on intracellular signaling.
    • Methamphetamine has a higher potential for abuse and is associated with more intense stimulant effects compared to amphetamine.

Medical Uses:

  1. Amphetamine:

    • Amphetamines, in various forms and formulations, are used medically to treat conditions such as ADHD, narcolepsy, and, in some cases, obesity.
  2. Methamphetamine:

    • Desoxyn is a prescription medication that contains methamphetamine and is approved for the treatment of ADHD and, in some cases, obesity. However, its use is rare due to concerns about abuse potential.

Illicit Use:

  1. Amphetamine:

    • Illicit use of amphetamine, especially in its street form, is less common compared to methamphetamine. However, misuse of prescription amphetamines does occur.
  2. Methamphetamine:

    • Methamphetamine is widely known for its illicit use and is associated with the production and use of crystal meth. Illicit methamphetamine is a potent and highly addictive street drug.

Potency and Effects:

  1. Amphetamine:

    • Amphetamine is generally less potent than methamphetamine and has a milder stimulant effect on the central nervous system.
  2. Methamphetamine:

    • Methamphetamine is more potent and has a more pronounced stimulant effect. It is associated with intense feelings of euphoria, increased energy, and heightened alertness.

It’s crucial to emphasize that both amphetamine and methamphetamine, when used inappropriately or without medical supervision, can lead to serious health risks, including addiction, cardiovascular issues, psychiatric symptoms, and other adverse effects. If prescribed, these medications should be taken as directed by a healthcare professional. Misuse of these substances, especially in illicit forms, is strongly discouraged due to the associated health and legal risks.

The Onset

The onset of action refers to the time it takes for a drug to start producing its therapeutic effects after administration. The onset can vary depending on factors such as the route of administration, the specific drug formulation, and individual variations in metabolism. Here are general considerations for the onset of action for amphetamine and methamphetamine:


  • Route of Administration: The onset of action can vary based on how amphetamine is administered.
    • Oral (Tablet/Capsule): Onset typically ranges from 30 minutes to 2 hours after oral ingestion.
    • Intranasal (Snorting): Onset is faster compared to oral administration but may vary.
    • Intravenous (Injection): Onset is rapid when the drug is injected directly into the bloodstream.


  • Route of Administration: Similar to amphetamine, the onset of action for methamphetamine can vary based on the route of administration.
    • Smoking or Inhalation: Onset is rapid, typically within seconds to a few minutes, as the drug quickly reaches the bloodstream through the lungs.
    • Injection (Intravenous or Intramuscular): Onset is rapid, similar to smoking.
    • Oral Ingestion: Onset is slower compared to smoking or injection, typically ranging from 15 minutes to an hour.

It’s important to note that while onset times provide a general idea, individual responses can vary. Additionally, illicit forms of methamphetamine, such as crystal meth, are often associated with rapid onset due to methods like smoking or injection, contributing to their high abuse potential.

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Yes, methamphetamine is considered more dangerous due to its higher potency and potential for addiction.

While amphetamines can suppress appetite, they are not recommended for weight loss as they can lead to serious health risks.

Signs of addiction may include increased drug-seeking behavior, neglecting responsibilities, and withdrawal symptoms when not using the drug.

In rare cases, methamphetamine may be prescribed for medical conditions like obesity and ADHD, but its use is highly regulated due to its potential for abuse.

Yes, with the right treatment and support, individuals can recover from amphetamine or methamphetamine addiction and lead fulfilling lives.

Methamphetamine, sometimes known as “meth,” is a stimulant with a high potential for misuse. Nasal inhalation, smoking, oral intake, and intramuscular injection are all common modes of administration; these methods provide a rapid-onset, strong, and euphoric high that may last up to twelve hours. 

What is Meth?

Methamphetamines, sometimes known as “meth,” “crystal meth,” and “crank,” are highly stimulant drugs that may be smoked, snorted, swallowed, or injected. It is a stimulant drug developed from amphetamines. However, methamphetamines are significantly more potent than amphetamines because the substance may reach the brain in greater quantities. 

Methamphetamine is classified as a Schedule II drug and can potentially cure narcolepsy and ADHD. Methamphetamine dosages used in medical settings are far lower than those observed in illegal markets.

Like cocaine, methamphetamine may be manufactured into a white powder or clear, rock-like shards. Crystal meth, often known as methamphetamine rock, is the narcotic’s purest and most powerful form. The phrase “club drug” refers to the prevalence of crystal meth during raves and club events. It is sometimes referred to as “glass” or “ice.”

Street Names

Here are some common street names for methamphetamine:

  1. Meth:

    • The shortened and commonly used term for methamphetamine.
  2. Crystal:

    • Refers to crystal methamphetamine, a highly pure and crystallized form of the drug.
  3. Ice:

    • Another term for crystal meth, often used to describe its clear, crystalline appearance.
  4. Glass:

    • A reference to crystal meth, emphasizing its transparent or glass-like appearance.
  5. Crank:

    • An older slang term for methamphetamine.
  6. Tina:

    • A common nickname for methamphetamine, especially in the LGBTQ+ community.
  7. Speed:

    • A general term for amphetamine-based stimulants, including methamphetamine.
  8. Chalk:

    • Refers to methamphetamine powder or crystal that has been crushed into a powdery form.
  9. Blue:

    • Describes methamphetamine that has a blue tint, often due to impurities in the manufacturing process.
  10. Crystal Glass:

    • A combination of terms, emphasizing the crystalline nature of the drug.
  11. Go-Fast:

    • Suggests the stimulant properties of methamphetamine, implying increased energy and alertness.
  12. Poor Man’s Cocaine:

    • Refers to methamphetamine as a cheaper alternative to cocaine.
  13. Yaba:

    • A term used in some regions, particularly in Southeast Asia, for methamphetamine tablets.

It’s important to note that the use of street names can vary, and new terms may emerge over time.


There are various forms and types of methamphetamine, often differentiated by their appearance and method of production. Here are some common types:

  1. Crystal Meth:

    • Also known as “crystal” or “ice,” crystal methamphetamine appears as clear, bluish-white crystals resembling chunks of glass. It is a potent and highly pure form of meth.
  2. Powdered Meth:

    • Methamphetamine is sometimes found in a powdered or crystalline form. It may be white, off-white, or a yellowish color.
  3. Crystal Meth Rocks:

    • Crystal meth can be encountered in the form of small, rock-like chunks or pebbles. These are commonly referred to as “rocks” and are typically the result of the crystallization process.
  4. Crystal Meth Pills:

    • In some instances, methamphetamine is pressed into tablet or pill form. These pills may vary in appearance and color, and they can contain different levels of purity.

Is Meth Addictive?

Yes, methamphetamine is highly addictive. Methamphetamine is a powerful central nervous system stimulant that affects the brain and body. It increases the release of dopamine in the brain, a neurotransmitter associated with pleasure and reward. This surge in dopamine creates intense feelings of euphoria and increased energy.

The addictive nature of methamphetamine is attributed to several factors:

  1. Rapid Onset and Intensity:

    • Methamphetamine produces a rapid and intense euphoria, making it more likely for individuals to seek the pleasurable effects repeatedly.
  2. Neurochemical Changes:

    • Prolonged use of methamphetamine can lead to neurochemical changes in the brain, impacting the dopamine system. These changes can contribute to the development of tolerance and dependence.
  3. Binge and Crash Pattern:

    • Methamphetamine is often associated with a binge and crash pattern of use. Individuals may use the drug repeatedly in a short period, followed by a crash characterized by exhaustion and depression. This cycle can lead to increased dependence.
  4. Compulsive Use:

    • Addiction involves compulsive drug-seeking behavior despite negative consequences. Individuals addicted to methamphetamine may continue using the drug even when it negatively impacts their health, relationships, and overall well-being.
  5. Withdrawal Symptoms:

    • Withdrawal from methamphetamine can lead to symptoms such as fatigue, increased appetite, and depression. These withdrawal symptoms can contribute to the cycle of addiction as individuals may use the drug to alleviate discomfort.
  6. Impact on Reward Pathways:

    • Methamphetamine can have profound effects on the brain’s reward pathways, reinforcing the desire to use the drug for its pleasurable effects.

Causes and Risk Factors for Methamphetamine Addiction

One of the most prevalent reasons for drug abuse is discontent with living conditions. Drug addiction may develop for various causes, including the quest for novelty, social acceptability, respite from boredom, escape from unpleasant events, etc. Methamphetamine is often used to “solve” a medical issue, but its overuse and the repercussions become a problem in their own right. The main causes of meth addiction can be categorized into the following:


Genetic investigations have shown that certain people are genetically predisposed to drug misuse and addiction. This is particularly true for persons with a close member who is an alcoholic or addict, such as a parent or brother. These persons are more likely to get addicted to illegal drugs.


Some data supports biological experts’ hypothesis that low dopamine levels in the brain are the basis of methamphetamine addiction. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that helps us feel happy when we do things like cuddle with our kids or eat a particularly nice meal. Because of the specific neurochemistry that renders them sensitive to its effects, those who misuse methamphetamines may be hardwired to seek the drug’s euphoric effects.


Because many mental diseases and other ailments may reduce pleasant feelings, many people resort to drug misuse to manage their symptoms. Methamphetamine, like other addictive chemicals, affects the brain’s normal supply of dopamine. While not under the drug’s effect, methamphetamine addicts eventually lose their feeling of pleasure.


If a person was raised in a dysfunctional environment where they felt unwanted and neglected, their sensitivity to drug misuse rises. Furthermore, if children watch their parents taking drugs such as meth, they may begin to assume that consuming drugs is a good way to deal with stress. Furthermore, when parents drink or use drugs in front of their children, they normalize the behavior, making it more socially acceptable to the child. In the future, this might lead to addiction issues.

Warning Signs of Meth Abuse

Recognizing signs of methamphetamine addiction is crucial for early intervention and support. Individuals struggling with meth addiction may exhibit various physical, behavioral, and psychological changes. Here are common signs of methamphetamine addiction:

  1. Physical Signs:

    • Dilated Pupils: Methamphetamine use can cause pupils to appear significantly larger than usual.
    • Weight Loss: Individuals may experience rapid and unhealthy weight loss.
    • Skin Issues: Meth use can lead to skin problems such as sores, acne, and a generally unhealthy appearance.
    • Dental Problems: Commonly referred to as “meth mouth,” users may develop severe dental issues.
  2. Behavioral Signs:

    • Increased Activity: Individuals may display hyperactivity, restlessness, and increased energy levels.
    • Erratic Behavior: Meth use can contribute to erratic or unpredictable behavior.
    • Poor Hygiene: Neglect of personal hygiene and grooming is a common behavioral sign.
    • Compulsive Behavior: Users may engage in repetitive, compulsive activities.
  3. Psychological Signs:

    • Agitation and Irritability: Methamphetamine use can lead to heightened irritability and agitation.
    • Paranoia: Individuals may become excessively paranoid or anxious.
    • Hallucinations: In some cases, users may experience auditory or visual hallucinations.
    • Mood Swings: Frequent and severe mood swings can be indicative of meth addiction.
  4. Cognitive Signs:

    • Impaired Memory: Meth use can impact memory and cognitive functions.
    • Confusion: Individuals may experience confusion or difficulty focusing.
    • Poor Judgment: Impaired decision-making and poor judgment are common cognitive effects.
  5. Social Signs:

    • Isolation: Individuals may withdraw from family and friends, isolating themselves.
    • Neglect of Responsibilities: Meth addiction can lead to neglect of work, school, or family responsibilities.
    • Legal Issues: Involvement in legal problems, such as arrests related to drug use, may occur.
  6. Drug Paraphernalia:

    • Presence of Drug Tools: Discovering drug paraphernalia, such as pipes, needles, or burnt spoons, is a clear indicator.

It’s important to note that these signs may vary among individuals, and some signs may be more pronounced than others.

The Dangers of Meth

Although many individuals know the harmful repercussions of using meth, a surprising number of people do so. Methamphetamine is much more harmful than other stimulants because a larger concentration of the substance survives digestion and remains in the brain for longer. Because of the drug’s ability to alter the connections between brain cells, methamphetamine use has been linked to changes in mood and tolerance. 

The drug is damaging to the nerve endings in the brain. Long-term meth use changes brain chemistry, destroys circuitry in the pleasure region of the brain, and ultimately makes it impossible for the user to feel pleasure without the drug. Long-term meth use has been related to behavioral problems and damage to organ systems and brain arteries, possibly leading to a stroke.

Effects of Meth Abuse

Methamphetamine use can have both short-term and long-term effects on the body and mind. Understanding these effects is crucial for recognizing the potential risks associated with methamphetamine abuse.

Short-Term Effects:

  1. Euphoria and Increased Energy:

    • Methamphetamine produces a rapid and intense sense of euphoria, accompanied by increased energy and alertness.
  2. Decreased Appetite:

    • Users may experience a significant reduction in appetite, leading to rapid weight loss.
  3. Dilated Pupils:

    • Methamphetamine use can cause pupils to dilate, making them appear larger than usual.
  4. Increased Heart Rate and Blood Pressure:

    • The drug can elevate heart rate and blood pressure, posing risks to cardiovascular health.
  5. Hyperactivity and Restlessness:

    • Users may exhibit hyperactivity, restlessness, and an inability to sit still.
  6. Talkativeness:

    • Methamphetamine use can lead to excessive talkativeness and rapid speech.
  7. Intense Pleasure and Confidence:

    • Users may experience an exaggerated sense of pleasure, confidence, and self-esteem.
  8. Insomnia:

    • Methamphetamine’s stimulating effects can result in difficulty falling asleep and staying asleep.
  9. Increased Body Temperature:

    • Elevated body temperature, or hyperthermia, can occur as a result of increased physical activity.

Long-Term Effects:

  1. Addiction:

    • Continued methamphetamine use can lead to the development of addiction, characterized by compulsive drug-seeking behavior despite negative consequences.
  2. Cognitive Impairment:

    • Long-term use may result in cognitive deficits, including memory loss, impaired judgment, and difficulty concentrating.
  3. Dental Issues (“Meth Mouth”):

    • Severe dental problems, including tooth decay and loss, are common long-term effects.
  4. Skin Problems:

    • Persistent skin issues, such as sores, acne, and skin infections, may develop.
  5. Weight Loss and Malnutrition:

    • Long-term use can lead to persistent weight loss and nutritional deficiencies.
  6. Psychiatric Symptoms:

    • Users may experience mental health issues, including anxiety, paranoia, hallucinations, and violent behavior.
  7. Cardiovascular Complications:

    • Chronic methamphetamine use can contribute to cardiovascular problems, such as heart attacks and stroke.
  8. Respiratory Issues:

    • Smoking methamphetamine can result in respiratory problems, including damage to the lungs.
  9. Weakened Immune System:

    • Methamphetamine use may weaken the immune system, making individuals more susceptible to infections.
  10. Social and Occupational Impairment:

    • Long-term use can lead to difficulties in maintaining relationships, holding a job, and fulfilling responsibilities.

It’s crucial to note that the severity and manifestation of these effects can vary among individuals, and some effects may be irreversible.

Can You Overdose On Meth?

Yes, it is possible to overdose on methamphetamine. A methamphetamine overdose occurs when an individual takes a quantity of the drug that exceeds the body’s ability to metabolize it, leading to toxic effects. Methamphetamine overdoses can have severe and potentially life-threatening consequences.

Signs and Symptoms of a Methamphetamine Overdose:

  1. Agitation and Restlessness:

    • Extreme restlessness and heightened agitation.
  2. Hyperthermia (Elevated Body Temperature):

    • Dangerously high body temperature, leading to hyperthermia.
  3. Increased Heart Rate and Blood Pressure:

    • Rapid heart rate and elevated blood pressure, which can be harmful to the cardiovascular system.
  4. Severe Anxiety or Panic:

    • Intense anxiety or panic attacks.
  5. Hallucinations:

    • Auditory or visual hallucinations may occur.
  6. Paranoia:

    • Profound paranoia and distrust of others.
  7. Difficulty Breathing:

    • Respiratory distress or difficulty breathing.
  8. Chest Pain:

    • Pain or discomfort in the chest area.
  9. Seizures:

    • Seizures or convulsions.
  10. Unconsciousness:

    • Loss of consciousness or unresponsiveness.

Methamphetamine overdoses can have serious health consequences and may require immediate medical attention. If you suspect someone is experiencing a methamphetamine overdose, it is crucial to call emergency services (911 in the U.S.) immediately.

Treatment for Methamphetamine Overdose:

  1. Emergency Medical Attention:

    • Paramedics or emergency medical personnel will assess the individual’s condition and provide necessary medical interventions.
  2. Supportive Care:

    • Treatment may involve measures to manage symptoms, such as cooling the body in cases of hyperthermia or administering medications to address agitation.
  3. Monitoring:

    • Continuous monitoring of vital signs, including heart rate, blood pressure, and respiratory rate.
  4. Fluids and Medications:

    • Intravenous fluids may be administered to maintain hydration, and medications may be used to control symptoms.
  5. Hospitalization:

    • Severe cases may require hospitalization for close monitoring and supportive care.

It’s important to note that methamphetamine overdoses can be unpredictable, and individual responses may vary. Seeking emergency medical help is crucial, as prompt intervention can improve the chances of a positive outcome.

Treatment Options for Meth Addiction

Treatment options for methamphetamine addiction generally involve a comprehensive approach that addresses both the physical and psychological aspects of addiction. The choice between inpatient and outpatient treatment depends on the severity of the addiction, individual needs, and the presence of any co-occurring disorders. Here are the key treatment options, including inpatient and outpatient alternatives:

1. Inpatient Treatment (Residential Rehab):

Inpatient treatment involves residing at a treatment facility for a specified period, typically ranging from a few weeks to several months. It provides a structured and supportive environment where individuals can focus solely on their recovery.

Components of Inpatient Treatment:

  • Detoxification (Detox):

    • In a supervised setting, individuals undergo detox to manage withdrawal symptoms safely.
  • Therapy and Counseling:

    • Individual and group therapy sessions address the psychological aspects of addiction.
  • Medical and Psychiatric Support:

    • Comprehensive medical and psychiatric care is provided, addressing both addiction and any co-occurring mental health issues.
  • Skill-building and Education:

    • Programs may include educational sessions on addiction, coping skills, and relapse prevention.
  • Structured Schedule:

    • Daily routines include therapeutic activities, support groups, and recreational options.
  • Peer Support:

    • Interaction with peers going through similar challenges fosters a sense of community and support.

Pros of Inpatient Treatment:

  • Intensive Support: Continuous care and support in a controlled environment.

  • Reduced External Influences: Limited exposure to external triggers that may contribute to substance use.

  • Immersion in Recovery: A focused, immersive experience that emphasizes recovery.

2. Outpatient Treatment:

Outpatient treatment allows individuals to live at home while attending scheduled treatment sessions. It is suitable for those with less severe addiction or individuals who have completed inpatient treatment and require ongoing support.

Components of Outpatient Treatment:

  • Individual and Group Therapy:

    • Regular counseling sessions address psychological aspects of addiction.
  • Medication Management:

    • Medical professionals may prescribe medications to assist in recovery.
  • Educational Programs:

    • Educational sessions on addiction, relapse prevention, and coping strategies.
  • Flexibility:

    • Allows individuals to maintain daily responsibilities, such as work or family commitments.
  • Continued Support:

    • Ongoing support and monitoring while individuals integrate recovery into their daily lives.

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At California Prime Recovery, we understand the possible consequences of meth use. Those struggling with meth addiction may find solace when effective support is available. Contact us today to learn about how we can help at 866-208-2390

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