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What Does Adderall Do to Your Brain?

Clinically Reviewed by: Charee Marquez, LMFT

Adderall, a prescription stimulant primarily prescribed for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), wields significant influence over brain chemistry and function. While it holds therapeutic promise for those with ADHD, its widespread misuse and abuse have raised considerable alarms regarding its broader societal impact. In this comprehensive examination, we embark on a journey to unravel the complex interplay between Adderall and the brain, exploring its mechanisms, short-term and long-term effects, associated risks, and pathways for seeking assistance. If you or someone you know is struggling with Adderall abuse or addiction, take the first step towards recovery by contacting California Prime Recovery today at 866-208-2390.

What is Adderall?

Adderall is a prescription medication that contains a combination of two active ingredients: amphetamine and dextroamphetamine. These substances belong to a class of drugs known as central nervous system stimulants. Adderall is primarily prescribed to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy.

Adderall Types and Dosages

Adderall is a prescription medication that contains a combination of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine. It is commonly used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. Adderall is available in different forms and dosages. Here are the main types and dosages of Adderall:

Adderall Immediate-Release (IR):

  1. Adderall IR 5 mg: This is the lowest dose and is typically used as a starting dose, especially in children.
  2. Adderall IR 7.5 mg: This intermediate dose may be prescribed based on individual needs and response to the medication.
  3. Adderall IR 10 mg: A common starting dose for adults and adolescents with ADHD.
  4. Adderall IR 12.5 mg: Less commonly prescribed but may be used based on individual response and needs.
  5. Adderall IR 15 mg: A moderate dose often prescribed to adults and adolescents based on symptom severity.
  6. Adderall IR 20 mg: A higher dose used in cases where a more significant effect is needed.
  7. Adderall IR 30 mg: The highest immediate-release dose and generally used only in cases of severe ADHD symptoms.

Adderall Extended-Release (XR):

  1. Adderall XR 5 mg: A lower dose for extended-release, typically used as an initial dose.
  2. Adderall XR 10 mg: Common starting dose for adults and children.
  3. Adderall XR 15 mg: A moderate extended-release dose.
  4. Adderall XR 20 mg: A common dose for individuals requiring more extended coverage throughout the day.
  5. Adderall XR 25 mg: A higher extended-release dose used when a stronger effect is needed.
  6. Adderall XR 30 mg: The highest extended-release dose, generally reserved for cases requiring maximum coverage.

It’s important to note that the specific dosage and formulation of Adderall prescribed will depend on various factors, including the individual’s age, weight, response to the medication, and the severity of symptoms. Dosages should be determined and adjusted by healthcare professionals based on their evaluation of the patient.

Adderall Dosage Guidelines

The dosage of Adderall (amphetamine and dextroamphetamine) is determined by healthcare professionals based on various factors, including the patient’s age, weight, medical history, and the severity of the condition being treated (e.g., ADHD or narcolepsy). It is crucial for individuals to follow their healthcare provider’s instructions and not adjust the dosage without consulting them. Below are general dosage guidelines for Adderall:

Adderall Immediate-Release (IR):

  1. Starting Dose for ADHD (Adults):

    • 5 mg once or twice daily.
    • Dosage may be adjusted weekly by 5 mg increments.
  2. Starting Dose for ADHD (Children 6 years and older):

    • 5 mg once or twice daily.
    • Dosage may be adjusted weekly by 5 mg increments.
  3. Maximum Dose for ADHD (Adults and Children):

    • Typically not exceeding 30 mg per day.
  4. Narcolepsy:

    • Starting dose: 10 mg per day.
    • Dosage may be adjusted in increments of 10 mg weekly.

Adderall Extended-Release (XR):

  1. Starting Dose for ADHD (Adults):

    • 20 mg once daily in the morning.
    • Dosage may be adjusted weekly by 10 mg increments.
  2. Starting Dose for ADHD (Children 6 years and older):

    • 10 mg once daily in the morning.
    • Dosage may be adjusted weekly by 5-10 mg increments.
  3. Maximum Dose for ADHD (Adults and Children):

    • Typically not exceeding 30 mg per day.
  4. Narcolepsy:

    • Starting dose: 10 mg once daily in the morning.
    • Dosage may be adjusted in increments of 10 mg weekly.

Important Points:

  • Dosage adjustments should be made cautiously and under the guidance of a healthcare professional.
  • Regular follow-up appointments are necessary to monitor the effectiveness and potential side effects of the medication.
  • Abrupt discontinuation should be avoided, and any changes to the dosage should be discussed with the healthcare provider.
  • Individual responses to medication can vary, and dosages should be tailored to each patient’s needs.

Adderall Imprints

Here are some common imprints for Adderall tablets:

  1. Adderall 5 mg Tablet:

    • Oval, blue tablet with the imprint “A 5.”
  2. Adderall 7.5 mg Tablet:

    • Oval, blue tablet with the imprint “A 7.5.”
  3. Adderall 10 mg Tablet:

    • Oval, blue tablet with the imprint “A 10.”
  4. Adderall 12.5 mg Tablet:

    • Oval, orange tablet with the imprint “A 12.5.”
  5. Adderall 15 mg Tablet:

    • Oval, orange tablet with the imprint “A 15.”
  6. Adderall 20 mg Tablet:

    • Oval, orange tablet with the imprint “A 20.”
  7. Adderall 30 mg Tablet:

    • Oval, orange tablet with the imprint “A 30.”

Adderall Uses 

Here are the main medical uses of Adderall:

  1. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD):

    • Adderall is commonly prescribed to individuals diagnosed with ADHD, a neurodevelopmental disorder.
    • It helps improve attention, focus, and impulse control in individuals with ADHD.
  2. Narcolepsy:

    • Adderall is used to treat narcolepsy, a chronic sleep disorder characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness and sudden episodes of muscle weakness (cataplexy).
    • It helps promote wakefulness and reduce episodes of daytime sleepiness.

Adderall Side Effects

Here are some common short-term and long-term side effects associated with Adderall use:

Short-Term Side Effects:

  1. Insomnia: Difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep.
  2. Nervousness or Restlessness: Feeling jittery or anxious.
  3. Increased Heart Rate: Palpitations or a faster-than-normal heartbeat.
  4. Dry Mouth: Reduced saliva production leading to a dry feeling in the mouth.
  5. Loss of Appetite: Decreased interest in eating.
  6. Weight Loss: Some individuals may experience weight loss due to appetite suppression.
  7. Irritability: Easily becoming annoyed or frustrated.
  8. Headache: Mild to moderate headaches.

Long-Term Side Effects:

  1. Dependence and Addiction: Long-term use may increase the risk of physical and psychological dependence, leading to addiction.
  2. Cardiovascular Issues: Prolonged use of stimulant medications may contribute to cardiovascular problems such as increased blood pressure and heart rate.
  3. Psychiatric Effects: Long-term use may be associated with psychiatric effects, including mood changes, anxiety, or depressive symptoms.
  4. Growth Suppression: In children, there may be concerns about growth suppression associated with long-term use. Healthcare providers monitor growth in pediatric patients using stimulant medications.
  5. Tolerance: Over time, individuals may develop tolerance, requiring higher doses to achieve the same therapeutic effects.

How Long Does Adderall Stay in Your System?

The half-life of a medication represents the time it takes for half of the drug to be eliminated from the body. For Adderall (amphetamine and dextroamphetamine), the half-life can vary based on factors such as the specific formulation (immediate-release or extended-release) and individual factors.

Adderall Immediate-Release (IR):

  • The half-life for the immediate-release formulation is approximately 10 hours.

Adderall Extended-Release (XR):

  • The half-life for the extended-release formulation is longer, averaging around 11 to 13 hours.

It’s important to note that the half-life provides an estimate of how long it takes for the drug concentration in the bloodstream to decrease by half. Complete elimination from the body may take several half-lives.

Individual variations, such as liver function, kidney function, and metabolic differences, can influence how quickly the body processes and eliminates Adderall. Additionally, factors such as age, overall health, and the presence of other medications may affect the drug’s pharmacokinetics.

Adderall Onset and Duration

The onset and duration of Adderall (amphetamine and dextroamphetamine) effects can vary depending on the specific formulation (immediate-release or extended-release) and individual factors such as metabolism. Here are general guidelines:

Adderall Immediate-Release (IR):

  • Onset of Action:

    • The immediate-release formulation typically starts working within 30 to 60 minutes after ingestion.
  • Duration of Action:

    • The effects of immediate-release Adderall usually last for about 4 to 6 hours.

Adderall Extended-Release (XR):

  • Onset of Action:

    • Extended-release Adderall generally starts working within 1 to 2 hours after ingestion.
  • Duration of Action:

    • The extended-release formulation is designed to provide a more prolonged duration of action, and its effects may last up to 10 to 12 hours.

It’s important to note that individual responses to Adderall can vary, and factors such as age, weight, overall health, and the presence of other medications can influence the onset and duration of effects.

How Long is Adderall Detectable in Your System?

The detectability of Adderall (amphetamine and dextroamphetamine) in the body can depend on several factors, including the type of drug test, the specific formulation of Adderall taken (immediate-release or extended-release), individual metabolism, and the sensitivity of the testing method. Here are general guidelines:

  1. Blood Test:

    • Adderall can typically be detected in blood tests within a few hours after ingestion.
    • Blood tests may be able to detect Adderall for up to 2 days.
  2. Urine Test:

    • Standard urine drug tests can detect amphetamines, including Adderall, for about 1 to 2 days after use.
    • Extended-release formulations may be detectable for a slightly longer period.
  3. Saliva Test:

    • Adderall can be detected in saliva tests for a shorter duration, typically up to 48 hours after use.
  4. Hair Test:

    • Hair tests have a longer detection window, and Adderall may be detectable in hair for several weeks to months, depending on the length of the hair and the time since drug use.

It’s important to note that drug tests vary in their detection capabilities, and individual factors, such as metabolism, kidney function, and the presence of other medications, can influence how quickly the body eliminates Adderall.

If you are subject to drug testing or have concerns about the detectability of Adderall in your system, it’s advisable to consult with your healthcare provider or the entity conducting the drug test for more accurate and personalized information.

Is Adderall Addictive?

Yes, Adderall can be addictive. Adderall contains amphetamine and dextroamphetamine, which are stimulant medications. These stimulants affect the brain’s neurotransmitters, particularly dopamine, and can lead to feelings of pleasure and increased alertness. While Adderall is an effective medication for treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy, its potential for abuse and addiction is recognized.

Key factors contributing to the addictive potential of Adderall include:

  1. Dopaminergic Activity: Adderall increases dopamine levels in the brain, contributing to a sense of reward and pleasure. This effect is associated with the reinforcing properties of the drug, making it more likely to be misused.

  2. Euphoria and Energy Boost: Some individuals may experience a sense of euphoria or increased energy when taking Adderall, which can be appealing and contribute to the risk of misuse.

  3. Tolerance: With continued use, individuals may develop tolerance, requiring higher doses to achieve the same effects. Tolerance increases the risk of escalating use and potential misuse.

  4. Physical and Psychological Dependence: Regular use of Adderall can lead to both physical and psychological dependence. Physical dependence is characterized by withdrawal symptoms when the drug is not taken, and psychological dependence involves a strong desire to continue using the drug.

  5. Misuse and Recreational Use: Some individuals may misuse Adderall by taking higher doses than prescribed, using it without a prescription, or for reasons other than its intended medical purpose. This misuse increases the risk of addiction.

Can You Overdose on Adderall?

Yes, it is possible to overdose on Adderall. Adderall is a prescription medication that contains amphetamine and dextroamphetamine, stimulant drugs that affect the central nervous system. Overdose occurs when someone takes more Adderall than the body can safely handle, leading to potentially serious and life-threatening symptoms.

Symptoms of an Adderall overdose may include:

  1. Restlessness or Agitation:

    • Excessive nervousness or feeling agitated.
  2. Hallucinations:

    • Perceiving things that are not present.
  3. Tremors or Muscle Twitching:

    • Involuntary muscle movements.
  4. Rapid Heartbeat:

    • Increased heart rate or palpitations.
  5. Elevated Blood Pressure:

    • Hypertension or increased blood pressure.
  6. Fever:

    • Elevated body temperature.
  7. Nausea and Vomiting:

    • Feeling nauseous and vomiting.
  8. Confusion:

    • Mental confusion or disorientation.
  9. Seizures:

    • In severe cases, an overdose may lead to seizures.
  10. Loss of Consciousness:

    • Loss of consciousness or coma.

If there is suspicion of an Adderall overdose, emergency medical assistance should be sought immediately by calling local emergency services (e.g., 911 in the United States). It is crucial to provide as much information as possible, including the amount of Adderall taken and any other substances ingested.

Adderall and Alcohol Use

The combination of alcohol and Adderall (amphetamine and dextroamphetamine) is generally not recommended due to potential interactions and increased risks. Both substances affect the central nervous system, and their combination can have several adverse effects. Here are some considerations:

  1. Increased Risk of Overdose:

    • Alcohol and Adderall are both central nervous system depressants, and their combined use can lead to an increased risk of overdose.
    • Overlapping effects on the respiratory system can result in severe respiratory depression.
  2. Cardiovascular Effects:

    • Both alcohol and Adderall can elevate heart rate and blood pressure. Combining them may increase the risk of cardiovascular issues, including arrhythmias or hypertensive crisis.
  3. CNS Depression:

    • The combination can lead to enhanced central nervous system depression, causing increased drowsiness, confusion, and impaired coordination.
  4. Impaired Judgment and Coordination:

    • Both substances can impair judgment, coordination, and reaction time. Combining them can amplify these effects, increasing the risk of accidents and injuries.
  5. Gastrointestinal Effects:

    • The combination of alcohol and Adderall may exacerbate gastrointestinal side effects, such as nausea or stomach upset.
  6. Increased Intoxication:

    • Alcohol can enhance the subjective effects of Adderall, leading to an increased feeling of intoxication.
  7. Masked Effects:

    • The stimulating effects of Adderall may mask the sedative effects of alcohol, potentially leading to a false sense of alertness.

It’s crucial to consult with a healthcare professional before using alcohol while taking Adderall. Individuals prescribed Adderall should discuss their alcohol use with their healthcare provider to receive personalized guidance based on their medical history and individual circumstances.

Adderall and Pregnancy

The use of Adderall during pregnancy should be carefully considered and discussed with a healthcare provider. Adderall is a prescription medication that contains amphetamine and dextroamphetamine, which are stimulant drugs. While limited studies are available on the specific risks of Adderall use during pregnancy, it is generally recommended to avoid unnecessary medication exposure during this time.

Here are some considerations regarding Adderall use and pregnancy:

  1. Consultation with Healthcare Provider:

    • Pregnant individuals should inform their healthcare provider about their pregnancy and discuss the potential risks and benefits of Adderall use. The decision to continue, adjust, or discontinue the medication will depend on various factors, including the severity of the condition being treated and the potential risks to the developing fetus.
  2. Risks and Benefits:

    • There may be potential risks associated with the use of stimulant medications like Adderall during pregnancy. However, untreated attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can also have negative effects on maternal and fetal well-being. The healthcare provider will weigh the risks and benefits to make an informed decision.
  3. Fetal Development:

    • Limited studies suggest that exposure to stimulant medications during the first trimester may be associated with a slightly increased risk of certain congenital anomalies. However, more research is needed to establish a clear link.
  4. Monitoring and Individualized Treatment:

    • If Adderall is deemed necessary during pregnancy, healthcare providers may closely monitor the patient and adjust the dosage as needed. Individualized treatment plans take into consideration the specific circumstances and risks for each patient.
  5. Neonatal Withdrawal:

    • Prolonged use of stimulant medications during pregnancy may lead to withdrawal symptoms in the newborn. However, these symptoms are generally manageable and transient.
  6. Non-Pharmacological Approaches:

    • In some cases, non-pharmacological approaches may be considered for managing ADHD symptoms during pregnancy. These may include behavioral therapies, counseling, and lifestyle modifications.

It is crucial for pregnant individuals to have open and honest communication with their healthcare provider. They should discuss any existing health conditions, concerns, or medications they are taking, including Adderall. The healthcare provider can then make informed decisions about the best course of action to balance the need for symptom management with the potential risks during pregnancy.

Adderall Controlled Substance Classification

Adderall, both the immediate-release (IR) and extended-release (XR) formulations, contains amphetamine and dextroamphetamine, which are stimulant medications. In the United States, these medications are classified as Schedule II controlled substances according to the Controlled Substances Act (CSA).

Adderall Storage and Disposal

Here’s a brief guide on the storage and disposal of medications, including Adderall:

Storage:

  1. Secure Location: Store Adderall in a secure and locked location to prevent unauthorized access.
  2. Room Temperature: Keep the medication at room temperature away from moisture and heat.
  3. Original Container: Store Adderall in its original, child-resistant container to avoid confusion.
  4. Out of Reach: Keep the medication out of reach of children and pets.

What Does Adderall Do to the Brain?

Adderall is a prescription medication that contains amphetamine and dextroamphetamine, both of which are stimulant drugs. These stimulants primarily affect the neurotransmitters in the brain, leading to changes in the release and reuptake of certain chemicals. The exact mechanism of action is complex and involves several neurotransmitters, including dopamine and norepinephrine. Here’s a simplified explanation of what Adderall does to the brain:

  1. Increases Neurotransmitter Release:

    • Adderall stimulates the release of neurotransmitters, particularly dopamine and norepinephrine, from nerve terminals in the brain. These neurotransmitters play crucial roles in various brain functions, including attention, focus, and impulse control.
  2. Blocks Reuptake:

    • Adderall also blocks the reuptake of dopamine and norepinephrine, preventing these neurotransmitters from being quickly reabsorbed by the nerve cells that released them. This leads to higher levels of these neurotransmitters in the synaptic cleft, the gap between nerve cells.
  3. Enhances Signal Transmission:

    • With increased levels of dopamine and norepinephrine in the synaptic cleft, there is enhanced signal transmission between nerve cells. This heightened signaling is believed to contribute to improved attention, concentration, and cognitive function.
  4. Stimulates the Central Nervous System:

    • As a central nervous system stimulant, Adderall increases overall brain activity. This stimulation can result in increased wakefulness, alertness, and a sense of heightened energy.
  5. Impact on Executive Functions:

    • The increased availability of neurotransmitters, especially in areas of the brain associated with executive functions, may help individuals with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) regulate their impulses, sustain attention, and manage tasks.

Does Adderall Have Side Effects on the Brain?

It’s important to note that not everyone will experience these side effects, and the severity can vary among individuals. Here are some potential side effects of Adderall on the brain:

  1. Insomnia:

    • Adderall is a stimulant, and one common side effect is difficulty sleeping or insomnia. It can lead to disruptions in sleep patterns, affecting the quality and duration of sleep.
  2. Increased Heart Rate and Blood Pressure:

    • Adderall can cause an increase in heart rate and blood pressure. While this effect is generally moderate, it may be a concern for individuals with pre-existing cardiovascular conditions.
  3. Nervousness and Anxiety:

    • Some individuals may experience heightened nervousness or anxiety as a side effect of Adderall. This can manifest as restlessness, jitteriness, or a general feeling of unease.
  4. Mood Changes:

    • Adderall can influence mood, and some individuals may experience mood swings, irritability, or emotional lability. In some cases, it may exacerbate symptoms of anxiety or depression.
  5. Decreased Appetite:

    • Stimulants like Adderall can suppress appetite, leading to decreased food intake. This side effect can result in weight loss, and monitoring nutritional intake is important.
  6. Gastrointestinal Distress:

    • Some individuals may experience stomach upset, nausea, or other gastrointestinal symptoms as a side effect of Adderall.
  7. Headache:

    • Headaches are a potential side effect, though they are generally mild. If headaches persist or become severe, it’s important to consult with a healthcare professional.
  8. Tics or Twitching:

    • In rare cases, stimulant medications like Adderall may exacerbate or trigger tics in individuals predisposed to tic disorders.
  9. Psychiatric Side Effects:

    • Rarely, individuals may experience more severe psychiatric side effects, including hallucinations, paranoia, or psychotic symptoms. These symptoms require immediate medical attention.

How Does Adderall Work in the Brain and Body?

Adderall is a medication that contains a combination of two active ingredients: amphetamine and dextroamphetamine. These compounds belong to a class of drugs known as amphetamines, and they affect the central nervous system (CNS). Here’s how Adderall works in the brain and body:

 

1. Release of Neurotransmitters:

  • Amphetamine and dextroamphetamine stimulate the release of certain neurotransmitters in the brain, primarily dopamine and norepinephrine.

 

2. Enhancement of Neurotransmitter Activity:

  • Adderall increases the concentration of dopamine and norepinephrine in the synapses, the gaps between nerve cells.
  • It does this by promoting the release of these neurotransmitters from nerve terminals and inhibiting their reuptake, allowing them to remain in the synapse for a longer duration.

 

3. Stimulation of the CNS:

  • The increased levels of dopamine and norepinephrine enhance signaling within the CNS.
  • This stimulation has various effects on different brain regions, including those involved in attention, focus, impulse control, and wakefulness.

 

4. Therapeutic Effects in ADHD:

  • For individuals with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the increased neurotransmitter activity can help improve attention, reduce impulsivity, and enhance focus.

 

5. Wakefulness and Alertness:

  • Adderall’s stimulant properties contribute to increased wakefulness and alertness.
  • This is why it is also used in the treatment of narcolepsy, a sleep disorder characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness.

 

6. Short-Term Effects:

  • Individuals taking Adderall may experience a temporary boost in energy, improved concentration, and heightened mood.

 

7. Long-Term Effects:

  • With regular use, the CNS adapts to the presence of the medication, and individuals may experience a reduction in ADHD symptoms or narcolepsy-related issues.

It’s important to use Adderall only as prescribed by a healthcare professional. Misuse or abuse of amphetamines can lead to serious health risks, including addiction, cardiovascular issues, and psychological dependence. Regular communication with healthcare providers is essential to monitor the medication’s effects and make adjustments to the treatment plan as needed.

Long-Term Implications of Adderall Abuse

Despite its short-term benefits, prolonged misuse or abuse of Adderall can have detrimental effects on brain health and overall well-being.

  • Development of Tolerance: Continued use of Adderall often leads to the development of tolerance, whereby higher doses are required to achieve the desired effects. This tolerance phenomenon underscores the addictive potential of the drug and can escalate patterns of misuse.
  • Physical and Psychological Dependence: Individuals who misuse Adderall are at risk of developing both physical and psychological dependence, characterized by cravings, withdrawal symptoms upon cessation, and compulsive drug-seeking behavior.
  • Neuroadaptive Changes: Chronic exposure to Adderall can induce neuroadaptive changes in the brain, altering neurotransmitter systems, neural circuitry, and gene expression patterns. These changes may contribute to persistent alterations in mood, cognition, and behavior, even after discontinuation of the drug.

Risks Associated with Adderall Use

While Adderall can be therapeutically beneficial when used as prescribed under medical supervision, its misuse and abuse carry inherent risks and potential adverse consequences.

  • Cardiovascular Complications: Adderall can exert significant cardiovascular effects, including increased heart rate, elevated blood pressure, and arrhythmias. These cardiovascular complications pose particular risks for individuals with preexisting cardiac conditions or hypertension.
  • Psychiatric Symptoms: Some individuals may experience psychiatric side effects following Adderall use, ranging from mild anxiety and agitation to severe paranoia or psychosis. These symptoms may be exacerbated at higher doses or in susceptible individuals.
  • Sleep Disturbances: Adderall’s stimulant properties can disrupt normal sleep patterns, leading to insomnia, fragmented sleep, or sleep deprivation. Chronic sleep disturbances can have wide-ranging consequences for physical health, cognitive function, and mental well-being.

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FAQs

While Adderall can be safe and effective when used as prescribed under medical supervision, it carries risks, particularly for those with certain medical conditions or a history of substance abuse. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), approximately 6.4% of college students reported nonmedical use of Adderall in the past year.

While some individuals may experience short-term improvements in focus and productivity, the long-term consequences of Adderall misuse can outweigh any perceived benefits, including academic performance. Research suggests that college students who misuse prescription stimulants may have lower GPAs than their non-using peers.

Signs of Adderall abuse may include increased energy, decreased appetite, insomnia, erratic behavior, and secretive or deceptive actions related to obtaining or using the drug. According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), approximately 12% of individuals aged 18 to 25 reported nonmedical use of prescription stimulants in the past year.

Withdrawal symptoms from Adderall can include fatigue, depression, irritability, anxiety, increased appetite, and vivid dreams. These symptoms can vary in intensity depending on the duration and severity of use. According to a study published in the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence, individuals who misuse prescription stimulants may experience withdrawal symptoms such as fatigue, dysphoria, and increased appetite upon cessation of use.

Treatment for Adderall addiction typically involves a combination of detoxification, therapy, counseling, and support groups. California Prime Recovery offers comprehensive addiction treatment programs to address the unique needs of each individual. According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), only about 6.8% of individuals aged 12 or older with a prescription stimulant use disorder received treatment for their substance use disorder in the past year.

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