More than 10% of the world’s population suffers from some form of personality disorder. Thus, knowing more about personality disorders is immensely helpful.
A Personality disorder is a mental condition that is characterized by rigid or inflexible behavior or attitude.
It affects a person’s thinking pattern and perspectives. Usually, their patterns of thinking are different from the norms of society.
People with personality disorders find it harder to connect with society and people. They have a different view of the world and its expectations.
These differences make it harder for them to cultivate and maintain friendships. People who suffer from personality disorders might not know or think they are different from others.
Most personality disorders start from a very young age.
Clinically Reviewed by: Charee Marquez, LMFT
Review Date: 3/1/2023
Personality disorders can be categorized into three clusters. They are
This cluster is made up of personality disorders that are suspicious or paranoid. They include
People with schizoid personality disorder find it difficult to have social connections. They also struggle with communication and are usually distant.
They might also struggle in forming close relationships with others.
As the name implies, people with this disorder struggle with distrust. They are very suspicious of people’s actions and motives.
People with this disorder believe that their thoughts can influence the actions of others. They also try to predict or read people. This usually ends badly. They also find it hard to form meaningful relationships.
Personality disorders under this cluster are emotionally unstable, dramatic, and impulsive.
People with borderline personality disorder struggle with feelings of abandonment. They are easily stressed by difficult situations and can be reckless.
Their feelings of abandonment remain even with a lot of support. They may also have bad vices such as gambling.
People with histrionic personality disorder try to hug the limelight by being overly dramatic. They seek the approval of others and may be swayed easily by the opinion of others.
People with antisocial personality disorder are usually manipulative and lack empathy for others. They might also be heavy drinkers and abuse drugs.
People with antisocial personality disorder hardly feel guilty for their actions
People with this disorder usually feel superior or better than others. They are extremely proud of their achievements and may brag about them.
However, they have little or no empathy for others.
People who suffer from this disorder are more dependent on others to fulfill their emotional and physical needs. Thus, they usually have problems with indecision.
This disorder makes them tolerant of emotional and physical abuse.
People who suffer from OCD want to be perfect. Thus, creating order is important for them. They use repeated quests to achieve this.
To ensure perfection is met, they can neglect their health and relationships. They also hate breaking rules.
People with this disorder struggle with feelings of inadequacy and worthlessness. Because of their feelings, interacting with others might be difficult.
They might also have an inferiority complex and low self-esteem.
Personality traits are patterns of thinking that are consistently part of you. For example, extroversion. However, these personality traits do not negatively impact your life.
It also does not deviate from the normal norms of society. Personality disorders are extreme traits that are different from normal behavior.
The precise cause of personality disorders is unknown. However, factors like the environment and genetics can play a role.
The symptoms depend on the particular personality disorder. Understanding how someone with a particular personality disorder behaves can help you pinpoint potential symptoms.
All diagnoses strictly follow the process outlined in DSM-5. Your doctor might request you fill out a questionnaire.
They might also conduct examinations to rule out any physical conditions. The behavior and attitude must affect many aspects of the patient’s life.
Issues such as emotional stability and impulse responses will also be considered by the doctor.
Personality disorders get better with time and the right treatment. However, it can take months or years before it is completely cured.
Even then, relapses can occur. Adhering to treatment is crucial.
Medications treat most of the symptoms that come with personality disorders. However, there is no particular medication made for personality disorders.
Some medications used include
Most treatment plans will include the following medical personnel
Talk therapy or psychotherapy is usually the preferred treatment strategy. You get to talk to a therapist about how your feelings, emotions, and mood.
The expert will help you to manage your mood, stress, and disorders better. Psychotherapies can take place individually or in groups.
Some people might prefer to have their family and friends around during therapy.
If you sense any symptoms of a personality disorder, reach out to your doctor immediately. The earlier treatment starts, the better.
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